After water, the second of the most-consumed beverage in the whole world is tea. The plant camellia sinensis is where all the types of tea come from. However, it has many different ways in harvesting and processing that’s why different types of tea are being produced. One of the most famous types of tea is the black tea. In fact, 75% of tea consumers are drinking it. The health benefits of black tea maybe are the reason for it. Because they are all astounding and amazing.
Black Tea: How is it made?
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As stated earlier, all types of tea, including black tea comes from Camellia sinensis plant. For the plant to become a black tea, anyone who makes it need to wilt, bruise, roll, and full oxidize the tea leaves.
Furthermore, the oxidation process of the tea takes place when the leaves get a long period of exposure to the air. The enzymes break down all the chemicals in the leaves, hence, producing the brown color and the smell of it.
However, contrary to that, green tea is made from the leaves that aren’t oxidized.
Oxidation helps in giving nutritional benefits that aren’t existent in green tea. These nutritional benefits include reduction of cancer risk, protection against atherosclerosis, and maintenance of healthy blood pressure.
Black Tea: Nutritional Value
The National Cancer Institute states that the following nutrients are present in black tea:
-Impulsive organic compounds that contribute to the odor and taste of the tea
-Trace elements and minerals
-Alkaloids like theophylline, theobromine, and caffeine
Aside from those, black tea also contains the chemical compound polyphenols. This certain chemical compound helps in protecting the plant against ultraviolet radiation, disease-causing pathogens, and any other harms.
When humans consume polyphenols, they’ll benefit from the antioxidant properties it has. These antioxidant properties help in countering the activity of some free radicals in the body. These free radicals may cause harm to the overall health of any person, it can, in fact, kill the cells in the body.
Furthermore, the free radicals also contribute to the occurrence of many health conditions or diseases.
Potential Health Benefits of Black Tea
Here are some of the possible health benefits of black tea:
Helps prevent atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is the sudden accumulation of plaque in the arterial walls in any part of the body. This condition may lead to some coronary heart diseases and sometimes chronic kidney diseases. What causes these are the free radicals we consume. Studies show that the antioxidant properties of black tea help in combating free radicals that may cause atherosclerosis.
Helps reduce blood pressure. Some studies show effects in the reduction of diastolic and systolic blood pressure. Furthermore, it also helps in canceling out the effects of high-fat meals on blood pressure.
Helps reduce cancer risk. Studies suggest that polyphenols in tea help in reducing the possible growth of tumor in the body. Furthermore, some other tests also show that it may help in protecting the body from damages that are from ultraviolet radiation. Moreover, black tea also is said to have an effect on the lungs, bladder, or prostate cancer.
Possible Health Risks of Black Tea
Toxic elements. The tea we brew contains several minerals that in excess can poison us. Such minerals include lead and aluminum, these heavy metals may cause harm to anybody. Furthermore, some traces of cadmium and arsenic are also present in some other types of tea. However, these aren’t in harmful amounts.
Effects of caffeine. Black tea has 2-4% of caffeine content. Those who are sensitive to caffeine may experience side effects like anxiety, insomnia, irritation, or stomach ache when they consume excessive amounts of black tea.
Some other effects of caffeine include:
-Increase in blood sugar level
-Proliferation in the calcium dumping through urination
May lead to anemia. Research states that there is a decrease in the bioavailability of iron in the body when it is taken with meals. It means the ability of the body to absorb iron is reduced. An iron supplement shouldn’t go with black tea at the same time.
Interaction with medications. There is a possibility that when you consume black tea, it might interact with your supplements and medications
These interactions include:
-Ritalin and some stimulants
-Medications to cure arrhythmia, heartburn, insomnia, anxiety, and ulcer
The health benefits of black tea are extremely amazing and beneficial. All the nutritional value it has also helped in making the overall health status very good. Furthermore, it is also good in refreshing the body.
However, there should be a limitation to it. Even though the health benefits of black tea are really good, it also has some bad effect when you drink it excessively. It might harm your health instead of make it better.