The two terms, post-natal and post-partum actually refer to the period that comes right after a woman gives birth. These are also the terms that refer to the period that comes for the succeeding six weeks. Even though sex is the last thing on mind at this point, contraception after pregnancy must still be a priority of discussion. It is a must that until your baby is 21 days old, you shouldn’t fall pregnant. However, after that contraception is looked-for, good thing there are some other new choices available.
The kinds of contraceptives may be divided into permanent and long acting. If you plan to have another baby the next year or so, then you need to consider having a short acting contraceptive method. Read on through this article and get to understand these further!
Table of Contents
- 1 Short-acting Contraceptive
- 2 Long-acting Contraceptives
- 3 Permanent Contraception
- 4 Contraception after Pregnancy: What can you use when breastfeeding?
Here are some of the short acting contraceptive options essential for contraception after pregnancy:
The barrier method includes the use of condoms, both in female and male. Furthermore, some other barrier methods include caps and diaphragms, as well as work through the prevention of sperm from entering the womb. These have an advantage of not causing any serious side effects. Moreover, they are also extensively and freely available, and beneficial in protecting from STIs.
This flexible plastic ring can be placed in the vagina and has the same hormones to that of the COC. Well, it actually functions the same way as the COC. Practitioners place the ring in the vagina for about three weeks and they take it out for one week. After one week, a new one is put and the cycle repeats itself.
This patch has the same hormones contained in the COC. Furthermore, this is also effective in preventing pregnancy. You will need to stick it on the skin so that the hormones continuously go into the body. Moreover, it’s easy to use and effective, and you will just need to put the patch on once in every week.
The mini pill has progesterone hormones in it and women often use it as a substitute for COC. Just like in breast-feeding women, smokers, and those who have migraine issues. Usually, they have few potential serious issues than the COC, and they may be taken if you’re a smoker. Nonetheless, periods may turn irregular and you need to take it the same time each day.
The Pill or the contraceptive pill is actually one of the most popular short-acting contraception. It is essential in preventing the production of a fertilized egg. Furthermore, they have estrogen and progesterone. These are so effective and the side effects are not so common and may ease heavy and painful periods.
If you don’t want to get pregnant again or wait for several years before getting pregnant again, the long–acting contraceptives may be beneficial. These include the following:
Intrauterine Device or IUD
The intrauterine device or intrauterine contraceptive device is a tiny device that is made of plastic and copper. It is inserted in the womb and may last for about 5 to 10 years, varying on what kind do you use. The IUDs work by way of stopping the sperm and the egg from meeting and preventing the fertilized egg from attaching to the womb lining.
This is a small device that doctors put underneath the skin, which slowly releases the progesterone in the body. Furthermore, it works the same way as the contraceptive injection. In addition, it involves a minor operation using a local anesthetic in implanting it. Each of the implants may last for three years.
The contraceptive injection has progesterone in it. It slowly releases the hormone into the body, as well as prevent the process of ovulation. One injection is important every 8 to 13 weeks, varying on the type of injection that you use.
This kind of contraception actually involves sterilization and is so effective. The male sterilization or vasectomy helps in stopping the sperm from entering the ejaculation stage. On the other hand, the female sterilization prevents the egg from going into the fallopian tube in order to meet the sperm.
Moreover, vasectomy is much easier as professionals may do it under some local anesthetic. Further, sterilization is commonly performed when family is complete as they’re hard to reverse.
Contraception after Pregnancy: What can you use when breastfeeding?
The contraceptive options for women who are breastfeeding are the pills that only has progesterone in it, the implant, and the injection. With of course, the IUDs being available in the first 48 hours or after about 4 to 8 weeks of post-partum periods. The joint pills and vaginal ring may be beneficial for most of those women who breastfeed, as well as those who have babies that are older than 6 months.