How to Effectively Prevent Kidney Stones?

An operating room technician displays kidney stones removed directly from a patient’s kidney during a surgery at the Air Force Theater Hospital at Balad Air Base, Iraq, March 26. Doctors at the Air Force Theater Hospital have removed stones the size of a table tennis ball. (U.S. Air Force photo /Staff Sgt. Mareshah Haynes)

Kidney stones are some hard mineral deposits which are formed inside the kidneys. These may cause excruciating pain when it passes through the urinary tract. This illness, in fact, has no sure ways on how to prevent kidney stones –particularly if your family have a history of it. A proper lifestyle and combination of diet and some medications may help in reducing the risk.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones usually develop when the minerals in the urine crystallize, creating a stone-like figure. Normally, the compounds in the urine prevent these type of crystals from developing. Furthermore, some people develop these stones when their urine comprises more substances that are all crystal-forming than the accessible fluid it dilutes. These substances include uric acid and calcium. Moreover, kidney stones may form when the urine is highly alkaline or highly acidic.

The conditions that allow kidney stones from forming are often from the problems in which your body absorbs and eliminates substances like calcium. Oftentimes, the primary cause of it is the metabolic ailment or kidney disease. This is even though several drugs, like Lasix, Xenical, and Topamax can also contribute to the promotion of kidney stones.

Who is More Prone to it?

The term, Kidney Stones refers to the various small and solid crystals. These have different food culprits and different causes. Some of which are related kidney infections. While others are being formed because there are not enough minerals in the system.

Genetics also plays a role here. 40% of people with kidney stones have relatives who also have kidney stones. They might get rid of excessive calcium in their bodies or a little bit of citrate in their urine or pee, for example.

Some other conditions that may develop kidney stone are the ff:

Some kidney diseases: Diseases like polycystic kidney disease and medullary sponge kidney may result in the formation of kidney stones.

Intestinal surgery: There is a greater risk of kidney stones when you have undergone some gastric bypass surgery.

Gout: A painful condition wherein the uric acid builds up in the blood. This may then form crystal substances in the kidney joints.

Obesity: The more weight you accumulate, the larger the tendency to accumulate kidney stones as well.

Things to Watch Out for to Prevent Kidney Stones

Having a good health doesn’t guarantee you in preventing the development of kidney stones. Even though you are in good health condition, your diet may still encourage the growth of kidney stones in your kidneys. The reason for this is that you don’t drink enough water every day. This means that you’ll not be able to pee a lot amount of waste in your body. The lesser the amount of pee, the greater the tendency of accumulating kidney stones.

How to Prevent Kidney Stones?

Eat Calcium-rich Foods: Calcium Oxalate stone is the most common type of kidney stone. Furthermore, this type of kidney stone lets people believe that they should be avoiding calcium. However, it is the opposite that they need. Consuming calcium supplements with a proper meal helps in reducing the risk of kidney stones.

Stay Hydrated: This is the best way to prevent kidney stones from occurring. Enough water consumption makes the output of urine very high. Low outputs of urine mean that your urine is much more concentrated and is less likely to dissolve the urine salts in the body that leads to the formation of kidney stones.

Consume Less Sodium: Excessive salt may increase the risk of kidney stones formation. You should avoid several foods that are high in sodium, just like the following:

-Foods that contain monosodium glutamate

-Processed foods, such as chips and crackers

-Foods that contain sodium bicarbonate

-Foods that contain sodium nitrate

-Canned vegetables

-Canned soups


-Lunch meat

Eat Lesser Oxalate-rich Foods: various types of kidney stones are made of oxalate which binds with calcium to form kidney stones. Eating lesser oxalate-rich foods may help in the prevention of kidney stones.

Eat Less Protein: Animal protein is rich very acidic and may increase the urine acid in the body. Furthermore, this might cause the formation of kidney stones. Therefore, you should avoid eating animal proteins like beef, pork, poultry, and even fish.


Having kidney stones are actually common. There is no assurance that the ways to prevent kidney stones will work for you. However, these may at least, help in reducing the risk. The best option to prevent the formation of kidney stones is staying hydrated and making some changes in your diet and lifestyle.

Make sure to try some ways to prevent kidney stones if you experience the symptoms of kidney stones. However, when you are experiencing some condition that may increase your risk of having kidney stones, like bowel disease, persistent UTI, obesity, or inflammation, consult your doctor. This is for you to identify some ways on how to manage it and reduce the risk of kidney stones.



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