Cancer. Even upon just reading this word, it may give some chills, right? This scary condition is affecting millions and millions of people all over the world. There are various types of cancer that are quite alarming most especially when it is in the 4th stage. Furthermore, there are also some of the types of cancer that are very deadly, one of which is the lymphoma or the cancer of the lymphatic system. This particular type of cancer is life threatening, thus having enough knowledge about the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for lymphoma is necessary. If you wan to know these things and more, feel free to give this article a read.
Lymphoma: What is this condition?
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Lymphoma is a kind of cancer that affects various types of cells in the immune system, precisely the white blood cells or the lymphocytes T or lymphocytes B. the lymphocytes travel all over the body in clear fluid known as the lymph. With the use of a set of vessels, which composes the lymphatic system, lymph passes into the small and bean-shaped organ of the body or what we call the lymph nodes. This can trap various harmful substances. The bigger clusters of lymph nodes are present in the groin, neck, and armpits.
In lymphoma, the lymphocytes B and T uncontrollably multiply and fall to die just like the normal cells. Patients who have this condition may often see a swelling in the lymph nodes that are instigated by the development of the painless tumors or lumps. Furthermore, lymphoma may also happen in some other areas as the small quantities of lymph tissue and lymph pass through the organs virtually in our body.
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the immune system cells or the lymphocytes. These cells are present in the bone marrow, thymus, spleen, and in lymph nodes. When you have lymphoma, the lymphocytes may change and grow out of control.
There are actually two main types of lymphoma:
- The Hodgkin, and
- The non-Hodgkin, which is the type of lymphoma that many people have.
Both types of the lymphoma can affect different kinds of lymphocytes. Every type of which grow at a different rate and responds differently to treatments. Despite the fact that lymphoma is cancer, it is very curable. Many of the cases of it can even be cured.
Lymphoma: What causes it?
Scientists actually don’t know what really causes lymphoma in most of the cases. But here are some of the most common probable causes of lymphoma:
- Radiation treatment for cancer
- Exposure to benzene and some other chemicals that kill weeds and bugs
- Having a relative who had lymphoma
- Have immune system deficiency like lupus, celiac disease, or rheumatoid arthritis
- Gender, male is more prone to the condition than women
- Age, those who are under 60 years old or older are more prone
Lymphoma: What are its symptoms?
The warning symptoms of lymphoma may include:
- Weight loss
- Stomach pain
- Night Sweats
- Shortness of breath
- A cough
- Swollen glands often in the groin, armpit, or neck
A number of these symptoms may also be an indication of some other illnesses. You must consult your doctor to make sure that your symptoms are really for lymphoma.
Risk Factors for Lymphoma (Both Types)
The different types of the lymphoma actually have different factors that may increase their risk, and they are as follows:
Here are the factors that may increase the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma:
- Body weight and diet
- Breast implants
- Autoimmune disease
- Chemicals and radiation
- Location and ethnicity
Below are the factors that may increase the risk of Hodgkin lymphoma:
- HIV infection
- Infectious mononucleosis
Treatments for Lymphoma
The treatments for lymphoma actually depend on what type of lymphoma do you have, as well as what stage it is. An idle or slow-progressing lymphoma may only need a watchful waiting and requires no treatment at all. If it is necessary to take treatments, below is a list.
Treatments for lymphoma:
- Surgery: this is used for removing the spleen or the organs after the spreading of cancer.
- Steroids: these are beneficial in treating lymphoma.
- Stem-cell transplant: this is used in restoring the damaged bone marrow.
- Radiation therapy: this is beneficial for small areas of cancer.
- Radioimmunotherapy: this is beneficial in delivering high-power radioactive doses to the cancer cells and immediately destroy them.
- Chemotherapy: this aggressive drug treatment is beneficial in killing the cancer cells.
- Antibody therapy: some synthetic antibodies are inserted into the bloodstream to get rid of the antigens of cancer.
- Biologic therapy: this is one of the drug treatments for lymphoma that stimulates the immune system to attack the cancer cells by way of inserting living microorganisms into the body.
If you are not used to the above-mentioned treatments, here are some home treatments for lymphoma:
- Olive leaf extract
- Green tea extract
- Lower stress
- Milk thistle
- Omega-3 fatty acids
- Stop smoking
- Reishi mushroom