Having headaches is normal, however, if it is a severe one, then it may be is an indication that you have an underlying health condition. One example of the severe type of a headache is migraine. Actually, migraine is the result of a certain change in the brain. This may result to a severe headache,, which may come with the sensitivity to smells, sounds, or even light. This condition is so discomforting and painful to endure. Thus, it is important to have knowledge about its causes, symptoms, as well as of course, the treatments for migraine. To know all of these and more, feel free to read on to this article.
Migraine: What is this condition?
Table of Contents
Characteristically, migraine is moderate to the severe occurrence of an unbearable headache that may affect either one half / what they call unilateral or both sides of the head / also called as bilateral. This neurological disorder may actually occur repetitively and it may also dwell for about hours or if it gets worse, it may last for days.
Migraine, is usually associated with only an excruciating headache. However, in veracity, headache is just one of the components of migraine. The autonomic, gastrointestinal, neurologic, medical and cognitive indications, which may come with a headache manifestly indicate the distressed functioning of the autonomic nervous system and the cerebrum as well.
Migraine may cause some severe lingering pain or even a pulsing sensation. This usually occurs on just one side of the head. More often than not, migraine comes with nausea, extreme sensitivity to sound and light, and vomiting. Furthermore, migraine attacks may cause some significant pain for hours and may last up to days and may become so severe that even the pain may cause disabling.
For many people, the condition may be though of as a penetrating situation, which may drastically transform the quality of their life. However, on the other hand, there are various people who may succeed in treating themselves with various herbal and home remedies or treatments for migraine, if needed.
Migraine: Signs and Symptoms
Migraine is a type of a neurovascular condition that is associated with the genes, which regulate the brain cells functioning. The signs and the symptoms of migraine may actually differ. This may vary from just a mild pain to the main emergency that may manifest all the physiognomies of the condition. A specific migraine attack may generally have 5 probable phases. However, not all people who experience the attack may pass all the stages.
The following are the so-called stages of the symptoms of a migraine:
- Prodromal or the pre-headache stage: in this stage, you may experience depression, irritability, body pains, and mood swings.
- Aura stage: this is actually a neurological and focal experience that normally occurs progressively in a certain period of time. Moreover, you may experience stiffness and achiness around the shoulder as well as the neck.
- Pain stage: this particular stage usually starts with a dreadful bilateral or a unilateral headache that comes with light sensitivity, the feeling of nausea, as well as vomiting. Furthermore, the pain usually becomes worse when engaging in physical activity.
- Resolution stage: in this stage, the agonizing pain progressively settles down with the use of some effective treatments for migraine.
- Postdromal or recovery stage: this is the stage that mainly entails the feeling of fatigue, exhaustion, and weakness once a headache finally ceases.
Based on some scientific researches, migraine is actually caused by a certain blend of genetic and some environmental factors. Furthermore, there is also some range of conditions that may trigger migraine attacks. Below are some of the most common causes of migraine:
- Environmental changes
- Physical factors
- Changes in the wake-sleep pattern
- Sensory stimuli
- Food additives
- Hormonal imbalance
Migraine: Risk Factors
Here are some of the factors that may increase the risk of migraine:
- Hormonal changes
- Family history
Treatments for Migraine
Most people with migraine are able to manage the pain of mild to moderate migraine attacks even just at home. This is simply by doing the following home remedies and treatments for migraine:
- Drink a moderate amount of caffeine
- Withdrawing from stressful surroundings
- Having a rest with just a little to no sensory stimuli
- Resting with some pillows that gives comfort
- Support the head and the neck while sleeping
- Use cold compress of the pain area
- Regular physical exercise
- Avoiding some certain foods
- Drinking a lot of water
- Getting enough amount of sleep
Medications for Migraine
The condition of having a migraine can often be managed by the use of some medication. Furthermore, there are various types of medications for migraine, this includes painkillers. The painkillers must be taken early in the progress of the condition and not by allowing the headache to develop further.
Here are some of the OTC or Over-the-counter medications that are effective in treating migraine:
With the proper treatments and precautions, the condition will vanish in an instant.