Flu, this is a very common infectious viral illness that is spread through sneezes and coughs. This condition can be very unpleasant. However, you will usually begin to feel much better within just one week time. You may catch flu all year round, yet it is more common in the winter season. However, there is some type of flu that can be acquired because of various factors. One of which is the swine flu, which is generally a disease of pigs. In some rare cases, it affects humans too. This condition can be so sudden, thus having enough knowledge about the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for swine flu is very important. If you want to know these and more, feel free to read on to this article.
Swine Flu: What is this condition?
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As its name implies, swine flu is a type of the flu that comes from swine or what we commonly call pigs. Furthermore, it is also known as the swine influenza or hog flu. This actually, is essentially just a normal type of flu for pigs. This causes them to get ill, just like us humans do. However, there is a particular danger here, and when it does, there will be a transmission of the virus from the swine to humans. At that particular point of time, once a certain person is infected by the flu from some other species, it may become a major concern or health risk.
The spreadable element of this particular type of flu is precisely frightening. However, the actual danger is actually something from some science fiction movies. Swine or pigs, in general, may harbor both avian and human strains of flu. This is in addition to their own, which provides the virus with some dangerous opportunity to create a certain blend of the three, which may be difficult to treat. Furthermore, swine flu is one of the root causes of the recent H1NI scares all over the world. Even though a prodigious deal of preventive measures is already in place, swine flu is still a big threat worldwide.
The condition may spread among pigs through direct or indirect contact, or from pigs that are infected but do not really have any symptoms. In various parts of the world, pigs are vaccinated against the condition. Most often than not, swine flu is in the H1N1 subtype of influenza. However, there are some subtypes of influenza as well that may cause the flu virus. These include the H1N2, the H3N1, and the H3N2 influenza subtype.
Swine Flu: What are its symptoms?
The signs and symptoms of the swine flu in humans are actually somewhat similar to that of the regular flu. These include:
- A sore throat
- A headache
- A cough
- Body aches
In much lesser tendency, a person who has swine flu may experience diarrhea and vomiting. The symptoms are manageable with some treatments for the regular type of flu. However, a doctor must examine a patient for the confirmation of swine flu and to be able to advise how to give relief to the individual; symptoms.
Swine Flu: What causes the condition?
There are actually just some few causes of swine flu to us, humans. They’re the following:
- Contact with infected humans: this is a less common cause of swine flu. However, this is a risk, especially to those who are in close contact with an infected person.
- Contact with infected pigs: this is the most common of the causes of swine flu. Whatever contact with the infected pigs makes the transmission more likely.
Swine flu is a very contagious disease. it may spread through the saliva and in mucus particles. People may spread it through:
- Touching a surface that is covered with germs and touching the nose or eyes
Some people may be at risk of acquiring swine flu than any others:
- Anybody who has a weak immune system
- Pregnant women
- People with chronic illness
- Children below 5 years old
- Elderlies over 65 years old
Treatments for Swine Flu
Most of the cases don’t really require any medication or treatments for swine flu. You also don’t need to see a doctor, not unless if you are at risk for developing some medical complications on it. Focusing on the relief of the symptoms and prevention or the possible spread of the H1N1 to some other people is the main concern.
Moreover, there are various drugs that are available, which may effectively treat the condition. the two main treatments for swine flu are the adamantanes. These include rimantadine and amantadine, and some other medications that may inhibit the neuraminidase protein like zanamivir and oseltamivir.
Since there is no known cure for the condition, there are some steps that can be taken even at home to prevent the condition and reduce the symptoms. These include:
- Eating a well-balanced diet
- Drinking water and some other liquids
- Managing stress
- Exercising often
- Getting enough sleep
- Washing hands regularly