Eyes are the windows to our souls. This is what many people say –this is actually true. However, if you have an illness in your eyes, how is it possible to see what is in you? Kidding aside. But seriously, there are various conditions that may affect the function of the eyes. One of which is the corneal abrasions, this condition is so discomforting and painful. This may cause the eyes to get blurry, distorted, and many more. Thus having knowledge about the different causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for corneal abrasion is necessary. If you want to know these and more, feel free to give this article a read.
What is Corneal Abrasion?
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We know that the cornea is the clear topmost surface of the eyes. Furthermore, its job is in the focusing of light and enabling us to see the things that are around us. A healthy cornea is very important in having a good vision. As an addition to the disrupting vision, corneal abrasion makes the eye more susceptible to various infection. Hence, it is important to visit your doctor as soon as possible if you find yourself having any of the symptoms of corneal abrasion.
The corneal abrasion is actually one of the most common injuries of the eyes. It is often characterized with a scratch in the cornea, which causes a significant feeling of discomfort, hypersensitivity to light, as well as redness of the eyes. The corneal abrasions may result in the disruption or the loss of cells in the topmost layer of the cornea or the corneal epithelium.
The condition of corneal abrasion is actually a certain scratch in the eyes. This may actually happen in an instant. This is commonly caused by various factors including various outdoor activities, the use of power tools without wearing protection, facial trauma, wearing contact lenses, and many more factors that may affect the eyes.
Corneal Abrasion: What causes it?
There are numerous ways of getting a corneal abrasion. Whichever, small or big, anything that can make contact with the eye’s surface may cause injury. Anything in our environment may be a hazard, just like sports equipment, makeup brushes, trees, or whatsoever. Furthermore, many of the cases of corneal abrasions are not really caused by some noticeable traumatic events.
Below are some of the most common causes of corneal abrasion:
- Over-wearing contact lenses
- Engaging or playing in some high-intensity physical activities without any safety eyewear
- Having a surgery without any eye protection
- Wearing of dirty and poor-fitting contact lenses
- Rubbing the eyes too hard
- Getting chemicals into your eye
- Acquiring foreign matter in your eyes, just like ashes, sawdust, or sands
- Poking your eyes with your fingernail, makeup brushes, or pen
Corneal Abrasion: What are its symptoms?
Though corneal abrasion is quite painful, its symptoms may become noticeable instantaneously after the eyes get hurt.
The following are the most common symptoms of the corneal abrasion:
- Vision impairment
- A headache
- Inability to stare at bright light and the sun
- Tear-laden eyes
- Sudden pain when blinking the eyes
- Blurry vision
- Light sensitivity
- Redness and tearing
- The feeling of grit and sand in the eye
Cab Corneal Abrasion be Prevented?
The answer to this question is yes. If you happen to feel that there is something in your eyes, rubbing it is the most common action to do. However, do not! This is because that is the way that you get to acquire the scratch. Instead, do the following:
- Gently rinse the eye with clean water
- Pull the upper eyelid over the lower eyelid
- Blink your eye for a several time
Avoid trying to remove whatever it is that is stuck in your cornea. Only your doctor must do that.
Treatments for Corneal Abrasion
Here are some of the best and most effective treatments for corneal abrasion:
- Painkillers: these are beneficial in mitigating the pain and expediting the healing of the corneal abrasion.
- Cold compress: if the condition results in excessive pain, applying cold compress on it helps in relieving the pain.
- Don’t wear makeup: desist from using makeup if your cornea is damaged. Even though makeups are applied all over the eyes in most of the cases, there are still some traces of chemicals or dye in it, which may cause abrasion.
- Rest your eyes: while the healing of the cornea is ongoing, make sure not to stress it yet. This is one of the best treatments for corneal abrasions that you can do.
- Avoid rubbing your eyes: avoid rubbing your eyes, this may cause contamination. Washing your eyes with clean water can be ok, however, you must talk to your doctor first.
- Stop using contact lenses: avoid using your contact lenses for the period of healing of your eyes.
- Use eye patch: keep your eyes closed if possible. If it is hard for you to do it, use eye patch, it is a great help.