There are a number of diseases in the whole world that affects millions and millions of people each and every day. Some of which are somewhat burden and is somewhat discomforting and sudden. One of these conditions is epilepsy. This condition actually affects many people all over the world. Epilepsy affects the central nervous system, it causes an abnormality in the brain activity. Thus having enough knowledge about the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for epilepsy is necessary. If you want to know all of these and more, feel free to read on to this article.
Epilepsy: What is this condition?
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Epilepsy, this is actually a chronic illness that is often characterizable by recurrent and unprovocative seizures. A person can have the condition if he or she has two gratuitous seizures or an unprovocative seizure that has the possibility of happening more. Furthermore, it is also not caused by some known and revocable medical illness like tremendously low blood sugar levels, or alcohol withdrawal.
The seizures that take place in epilepsy can be related to a specific injury to the brain or even a family tendency. However, more often, the cause of it is yet to be known. The term itself, epilepsy is not an indication of anything about a cause of a certain person’s severity or seizures.
Many people who have epilepsy may have more than one type of seizure. Furthermore, they may also have some other symptoms of some neurological problems. From time to time, electroencephalogram or EEG testing, family history, outlook, as well as clinical history are quite similar amongst a group of people that has epilepsy. In these particular situations, their condition may be defined to be a specific epilepsy syndrome.
While the symptoms of seizures may affect any of the parts of the body, the electrical type of events, which may produce the symptoms may occur mainly in the brain. The location of that particular event, how it spreads, how much of the brain is getting affected, as well as on how long it may last all have profound effects. All of these factors may determine the character of a seizure and its possible impact on a certain individual.
Having epilepsy and seizures may affect a person’s safety, driving, work, relationships, and more. The perception of the public as well as the treatments for epilepsy are more often bigger than the actual seizures itself.
Symptoms of Epilepsy
The major symptoms of epilepsy are the recurrent seizures. The following are some of the most common symptoms of the condition. if one or more of which are present, the doctor’s consultation is a must.
- Strange changes in the sense of smell, sound, and touch
- The person becomes fearful for n reason
- Repetitive movements that may seem inappropriate
- Unable to communicate
- Falling for no clear reason
- Becoming stiff for no reason
- Short spells of blackouts as well as confused memories
- Convulsion without fever
The following are the conditions that need to be eradicated. These may present some similar symptoms and are sometimes misdiagnosed as epilepsy:
- Psychogenic seizures
- Panic attacks
- Sleep disorders
- High fever with epilepsy-like symptoms
Causes of Epilepsy
Whatever function in the body, they are triggered because of the messaging of the systems in our brain. Epilepsy may occur when the system gets disrupted because of some faulty electrical activity.
Some of the causes or factors that may increase the risk of epilepsy include:
- Developmental disorders like neurofibromatosis or autism
- Prenatal injury or brain damage
- Infectious diseases like viral encephalitis and AIDS
- Brain conditions like tumors or strokes
- Head trauma
Treatments for Epilepsy
The treatments for epilepsy are currently unknown yet for some of its types. However, there are some surgical operations that may stop some sort of seizures from happening. Furthermore, in many cases, the condition can be managed, if a specific underlying brain condition is causing the seizures, there are times that the surgery may stop it. When epilepsy is diagnosed, the doctor may prescribe some seizure-preventing medications or what they call, anti-epileptic drugs.
If drugs don’t work, then the next option will then be surgery.
Some of the antiepileptic treatments for epilepsy are listed below:
- Sodium valproate
Some of the drugs may be beneficial in stopping the seizures of one patient, but it is not for the other. This is since, even if the right drug is already present, it may take quite some time to find the ideal dose of it.
Other Effects of Epilepsy
The condition of having epilepsy may affect a number of aspects of a person’s life, these include:
- The ability to study or work
- Social development and interaction
- Emotions and behaviors
With the proper care, attention, as well as medications, epilepsy will vanish. We just need to have enough knowledge about it and we can fight it off.