Insects. There are a lot of these in our surroundings, they fly, they crawl, or whatsoever. Speaking about crawling insects, there is this one type of a wingless insect that lives in the scalp of a human hair. I bet you knew it already –yes, these are lice. These head lice are highly contagious and are an actually common problem already. There are some cases that it is hard to get rid of these parasitic insects off the heads. Good thing, you are in this article. This article actually will let you know about the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for head lice. So sit back, relax, and read on!
Head Lice: What are these?
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Head lice is actually an unwanted condition, which happens when a specific austere species o head louse known as the Pediculus humanus capitis invades the scalp of a human hair. This prickly condition is actually very complicated due to the reason that lice may spread in just a snap of a finger and they can multiply in an instant. Thus infecting the hair of every person around you.
The only identified species who are affected by head lice are humans. This is even though some other types of primates also experience the condition with some related types of a louse. What’s the thing here is that the head lice actually, are not harmful? Furthermore, with the exemption of the irascibility and various secondary indications of extreme scratching of the scalp, the lice don’t cause any harm. Head lice are small arthropods, which live off the host’s blood by attaching themselves to the scalp and sucking off some of the rich sources of blood that’s close the skin.
A louse injects saliva into the host while it feeds itself. This is their way to prevent any blood clotting. This may, however, result in an allergic or itching sensation in the scalp. Moreover, scratching the skin that is irritated may lead to secondary bacterial infection. Aside from this, the head lice don’t really transmit disease, and as stated earlier, they are not dangerous.
Luckily, with the rapidity of the spread of the head lice has to lead to the eradication techniques, which are universally used and accepted. Almost all the culture in our world, which experiences this particular condition have their very own unique answers in solving the problem.
Causes of Head Lice
The infestation of head lice may result from the direct transfer of the lice from a person to another by means of the head to head contact. The head lice are not able to fly because they don’t have wings to do so. Furthermore, they also don’t jump since they don’t have long legs to do so. They can be transmitted on some personal items. Hence, it is practical to avoid using or sharing hats, clothing, towels, headphones, headbands, brushes, or some other things that you use in your hair.
Furthermore, the infestation of head lice doesn’t really result from poor hygiene or dirty hair. Moreover, it may occur in the hair in any length or sizes. Head lice can’t be passed on to or caught from animals.
Symptoms of Head Lice
The itching of the scalp is the most common of the symptoms of the infestation. This is because of the allergic reaction of the scalp to the saliva of the louse. Furthermore, some people are also extremely sensitive to the bites of these head lice and may have severe itching. Some other people are also allergic to the saliva that lice produce. Furthermore, they also build up a tolerance and may have little to no itching, even though there is a repeated infestation.
Some other symptoms of head lice include:
- Pink eye
- Swollen glands, or lymph nodes
- Sores that appears on the head because of scratching
- Difficulty in sleeping and irritability
- Sensation of something is moving in the hair or tickling
Treatments for Head Lice
There are several products or treatments for head lice that are available in pharmacies or department stores that may effectively treat the condition. Some of these medications contain about 1 percent of pyrethrins or permethrin, which are beneficial and effective.
Here are some of the medicines for head lice, which are approved by the FDA. Before you begin with any of these treatments, consulting your doctor is a must.
- Ivermectin lotion
- Spinosad topical suspension
- Benzyl alcohol lotion
- Malathion lotion
- Pyrethrin-based product
- Permethrin cream
All of these products are actually known as pediculicides.
If you wan tot goes the natural way, you can use the following home treatments for head lice:
- Tea tree oil
- Petroleum jelly
- Baby oil
- Olive oil
- Lavender oil
- Eucalyptus oil
- Ylang-ylang oil
- Anise oil
All the above-mentioned treatments for head lice are effective and amazingly good. If your head lice did not vanish after using it after a few weeks, you must then consult your dermatologist.