Multiple sclerosis is a condition that affects mainly the central nervous system including the brain as well as the spinal cord. this may cause numbness, tingling, weakness, and some other early symptoms. This condition can be so sudden and may impose a great effect on the overall state of the health. hence, it just right to have enough knowledge and understanding of the condition. Not only that, the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for multiple sclerosis are necessary as well. if you want to know all of these and more, feel free to give this article a read.
What is Multiple Sclerosis?
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MS or multiple sclerosis can be assumed to be an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. Moreover, it mainly affects the spinal cord and the brain. In actual fact, there are about 20,000 reported deaths because of this condition every year. Furthermore, multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the myelin sheath or the protective layer of the nerve and the spinal cord cells begin to decline. Thus causing difficulties in the motor skills, as well as wide-ranging damage in the nerves. Furthermore, it is also accompanied by some cognitive, psychological, and physical impairment. Multiple sclerosis may take on various forms and speeds, which may attack the body in various occasional spasms with increasing severity. Also, it may leave permanently stuck parts of your body, which may deteriorate over time.
When the nervous system is not able to successfully communicate with the body, it may become a long, and painful disease for the caretakers, this is since there is no known cure for the condition yet. Furthermore, the condition is believed to be an autoimmune disease that is not capable of spreading from one person to another. For some unknown reasons, the immune system identifies the myelin sheath as a foreign object and suddenly attacks it.
Types of Multiple Sclerosis
Here are the four types of multiple sclerosis:
- Progressive-relapsing multiple sclerosis: this is associated with a worsening of the disease that is steady along with some occasional flare-ups.
- Secondary progressive multiple sclerosis: this is commonly associated with the initial deteriorating-remitting disease that is followed by a steady worsening as well as minor remissions.
- Primary progressive multiple sclerosis: this actually affects about 10% of people with the condition.
- Relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis: this is actually the most common of the forms of multiple sclerosis. In fact, it affects about 85% of those who have MS.
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
The condition affects mainly the central nervous system, which controls all the functions of the body. In the event that the nerve fibers, which carry the messages to and from the brain get damaged, the symptoms of the condition may take place in many parts of the body.
To some, the symptoms may be so mild that they are not able to notice anything, not until it appears later. Here are the overall symptoms of multiple sclerosis:
- Problems with thinking and memory
- Tingling and numbness
- Difficulties in balance as well as co-coordination
- Visual disturbances
- Weakness of the muscles
Causes of Multiple Sclerosis
The main cause of the condition is actually unknown yet. However, it is thought to be a type of autoimmune disorder. Hence, this just means that the immune system assaults the myelin sheath as if it is a foreign object.
The factors that may increase the risk of multiple sclerosis include:
- Genetic factors
The rates of multiple sclerosis are actually higher to those who live further from the equator, suggesting that the exposure to the sunlight may in fact, affect the risk of multiple sclerosis.
Furthermore, some other possible factors of multiple sclerosis include:
- Various infections
- Exposure to various toxic substances
Early Signs of Multiple Sclerosis
The early signs of the condition include:
- Persistent dizziness
- Difficulty in balancing
- Numbness and tingling in the legs, face, trunk, as well as the arms
- Muscle spasms
- Stiffness of the muscles
- Blurred or double vision
Treatments for Multiple Sclerosis
There is actually no cure for MS, so the treatments for multiple sclerosis mainly focuses on suppressing the response of the disease and managing the symptoms
Here are some of the disease-modifying medications or treatments for multiple sclerosis. Furthermore, these are all approved for the treatment of a relapsing type of MS:
- Cannabis extract
- Interferon beta 1b or 1a
The rehabilitation’s main purpose is to help the patient in improving or maintaining their ability to perform effectively at home or at work.
Moreover, the programs include:
- Vocational rehabilitation
- Cognitive rehabilitation
- Swallowing and speech therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Physical therapy
If you are not into the above-mentioned treatments, you can opt for some home remedies for the condition. They are the following:
- Vitamin D
- Omega 3 fatty acids
With the proper care, attention, and treatments, multiple sclerosis can be treated. Furthermore, always bear in mind that this is just a matter of giving yourself the right things it needs.