Platelets are the tiny blood cells that are beneficial for the body in forming clots and stop any bleeding. In the event that one of the blood vessels get damaged, the platelet is the ones that receive necessary signals from it. The platelets will then rush into the site of the damage and then form a clot to rapidly repair the damage. Upon reading this context, we can say that the function of the platelets is significant, thus anything that affects it must be addressed immediately. One of the conditions that may affect the function of the platelets is the thrombocytopenia. This condition actually affects children and adults all over the world. Hence, knowing some of the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for thrombocytopenia can be beneficial for the management of the condition. if you want to know these and more, feel free to read this article.
Thrombocytopenia: What is this condition?
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The thrombocytopenia is a platelet disorder that may affect children as well as adults. The formal term for this condition is actually, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura or ITP. Furthermore, this condition is often characterized by the abnormal low platelet of the blood. The diagnosis of the condition is quite difficult to diagnose. This is mainly because there are actually no clear symptoms that accompany it. One common indication of the condition is the external bleeding. As well as the inability of the wounds to scab over or clot.
Moreover, bruising and nosebleeds is also common when you have thrombocytopenia. If the blood platelet number drops lower than 30,000 per microliter of the blood, an impulsive bruising may happen on the arms as well as on the legs.
Furthermore, the condition may actually be inherited or it may develop. This is either because the platelets are not enough for production, or high numbers of it are being devastated. Not only that, some other medications may also cause thrombocytopenia. All of these differences of the condition may manifest for a number of reasons, including lupus, hereditary syndromes, sepsis, leukemia, dehydration, and many more.
Thrombocytopenia: What causes it?
If for whatever reason, the blood platelet count suddenly falls into the below normal level, the condition is already thrombocytopenia. Usually, the normal platelet count is 150,000 to 450,000 platelets each microliter of the blood that is circulating. This is since each of the blood platelets lives only just about 10 days. Furthermore, the body continually renews the supply of platelet by producing a new one in the bone marrow.
Thrombocytopenia can be because of various medications and conditions or inherited. Whatever may the cause of the condition, the circulating platelets are condensed by either of the following processes:
- Increase in the destruction of the platelet –various conditions may cause the body to use up or destroy the platelets rapidly. These conditions include hemolytic uremic syndrome, blood bacteria, as well as pregnancy.
- The decrease in the production of platelet –platelets are from the bone marrow. When the production gets low, it may lead to the condition.
- Trapping of the platelets in the spleen –when the spleen gets larger, this may cause various disorders, thus causing a decrease in the number of platelets in the circulating blood.
The body might have low platelet count because of the following causes:
- Medical conditions like Vitamin B12 deficiency, bone marrow conditions, leukemia, lympthoma, and many more.
- Various treatments like radiation treatment and heart bypass surgery.
- Medications like chemotherapy, heparin, etc.
- Infections like sepsis, chicken pox, HIV, etc.
Thrombocytopenia: What are its symptoms?
The signs and symptoms of thrombocytopenia include the following:
- Enlarged spleen
- Unusual heavy menstrual flow
- Blood in the stools and urine
- Bleeding from the nose and gums
- Prolonged bleeding of the cuts
- Superficial bleeding of the skin, which appears like rashes, usually on the lower legs
- Purpura or excessive bruising
Treatments for Thrombocytopenia
There are actually a lot of treatments for thrombocytopenia. However, you must need to work with your doctor to weigh in all the pros and cons of each and every treatment that will be administered to you. This is to find and ensure the right therapy for you. If you have it, the treatments for thrombocytopenia may depend on how severe your case is. When it is in mild state, you may only need regular checks of your platelet count.
Below are some of the medications that you may use in treating thrombocytopenia:
- Vinca alkaloids
- Thromboprotein receptor agonists
- Rho immune globulin
- Intravenous immune globulin
If you are not familiar with these treatments, you can try some home treatments for thrombocytopenia:
- Red Peony
- Reduce stress
- Vitamin C
- Papaya leaf juice
- Aloe vera
With the proper taking care of the health as well as the proper management of the condition, you will be able to ward off thrombocytopenia easily.