Some conditions or disorders are inherited, and not acquired from various infections or people with the same illness. These conditions sometimes are the ones that cause more trouble for the sufferers. One of which is the cystic fibrosis. This condition is an inherited illness, which may cause some severe damage to the digestive system, the lungs, as well as some other parts of the body. The condition mainly distresses the cells that produce digestive juices, mucus, and sweat. Cystic fibrosis is a sudden condition and is quite discomforting. Thus having enough knowledge of the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for cystic fibrosis can be beneficial in getting rid of it. If you want to know about these and more, then give this article a read.
What is Cystic Fibrosis?
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This is actually an autosomal hereditary disorder, which commonly affects the lungs. However, it may also have secondary effects or impacts on some other parts of the organ system. These include the liver, intestines, as well as the pancreas. As stated above, the condition affects the cells that produce mucus, digestive juices, and sweat. All of these secreted juices are usually slippery and thin. However, if you have cystic fibrosis, there will be a defective gene that may cause the fluid secretion to be thick and sticky. Furthermore, the secretions or fluids plug up in the passageways, ducts, and tubes, rather than it, acting as a lubricant. This is most especially in the areas of the pancreas and lungs.
Moreover, this condition may lead to some life-threatening problems, including malnutrition, respiratory failure, and various infections. It is critical to get various treatments for cystic fibrosis in an instant. The early diagnosis and the treatments are serious for the improvement of the quality of life and lengthening the anticipated lifespan.
Even though people who have cystic fibrosis need daily care, they may still lead a rather normal life. Some screening tests and treatments have already improved over the past few years. Hence, many people who suffer from cystic fibrosis may now live into their 40s and even in their 50s.
Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis
the symptoms of the cystic fibrosis may actually vary reliant on the patient and the condition’s severity. Usually, the age at which the symptoms start to develop may also differ. The indications may also appear in the infancy. However, for some other children, the signs may not start until after the stage of puberty or later in life. As the time passes by, the symptoms that are connected with the condition may get worse or may get better.
Some other symptoms of the cystic fibrosis may result from the complications, which affect the following:
- Glandular organs
The abnormal mucus may also clog into the channels, which carry the enzymes that are produced by the pancreas and the small intestine. Being deprived of with these digestive enzymes, it is hard for the intestine to absorb the significant nutrients from food. This may result in”
- Delay in the growth of children
- Poor weight gain
- Loss of the desire for food
- Swollen abdomen
- Greasy and foul-smelling stools
The sticky and thick mucus is usually coming with the condition and often clods the passageways, which carry air, in and out of the lungs. This may cause in:
- Stuffy sinuses
- Stuffy nose
- Recurrent lung infections shortness of the breath
- A persistent cough, which produces phlegm or thick mucus
Causes of Cystic Fibrosis
The condition occurs as the result of a certain gene, known as the CFT gene. This gene, in particular, controls the movement of the water as well as the salt in body’s cells. There is a sudden change or mutation in the gene, thus causing the mucus to become stickier and thicker than its supposed form. This mucus buildup affects the:
It may also increase the quantity of salt in the sweat.
Treatments for Cystic Fibrosis
Even though there are no clear treatments for cystic fibrosis, there are some treatments that are still beneficial in relieving the symptoms and reduce the risk of any complications.
- A lung transplant may be beneficial. This involves the removal of the damaged lung and replacing it with a much healthier one.
- The condition may affect the digestion and may prevent the absorption of essential nutrients. To supply nutrition, a feeding tube can be used.
- Bowel surgery, this is an emergency surgery, which involves the amputation of the section of the bowel.
- The bronchodilators may help in relaxing the muscles around the tubes, which carry air into the lungs that helps in increasing the airflow.
- Mucus-thinning medications are beneficial in making the mucus thinner and lesser sticky. Moreover, it is also beneficial in coughing up the mucus, so that it leaves the lungs.
- Antibiotics are the most prescribed treatments for cystic fibrosis. These are beneficial in getting rid of the infection and preventing some other infection from occurring.
With the proper care, attention, and treatments for cystic fibrosis, the condition will be much better.