Have you seen or tasted cowpeas or the black-eyed peas before? Well, its name may sound a bit weird, but yeah, this is true. It is actually a certain type of pea that has a bit of an oval structure and has a black dot on it. Read on to this article if you want to know more about this seed. You will not just learn or understand it thoroughly, you will also get to know about the different health benefits of cowpeas in this article. So what are you waiting for? Sit back, relax, and enjoy the read!
What is Cowpeas?
As what we have stated earlier, the cowpeas or the black-eyed peas is a kind of bean that has a bit of an oval shape and a black dot on it. Scientifically, they call it the Phaseolus Aureus. The cowpeas may be of some species like the brown, black, red, creamy white, and more. Even though it’s widely famous for its pleasing taste, the nutritional value of it may also not be ignored. You will get to know more about these nutritional contents later!
Furthermore, the cowpeas are one of the most important legume crops in various parts of Africa, Asia, as well as some other arid areas of the world. Moreover, these hardy and versatile peas come from the genus Vigna. They are capable of growing in unforgiving and harsh climates, thus providing the people with a denser form of nutrients. For about more than 4000 years, the cowpeas have been cultivated in the aforementioned regions of the world. The cowpeas have demonstrated a lot of health benefits, as they are high in various essential nutrients.
Even though the beans are the main focus of the plant, the pea pods, green peas, and leaves are also edible. They are also capable of delivering a strong burst of minerals and nutrients to the body. In the field of culinary, the cowpeas were very important complementary dietary items to the traditional grain-based meals. This is since they are packed with essential protein. Not just that, the cowpeas are also easy to prepare and is capable of providing more nutrition than any other species of legumes.
Nutritional Value of Cowpeas
The cowpeas contain almost all of the essential vitamins and minerals, including vitamins 1, B6, B5, B1, B2, B3, vitamin C, phosphorus, copper, zinc, sodium, selenium, magnesium, calcium, potassium, and many others. Moreover, it also has a lot of essential health benefits that are all for the betterment of the health. We will discuss these later, but for now, look at the table below to know the nutritional value of cowpeas:
|Principle||Amount||% Daily Value|
|Total Fat||1.26 grams||6%|
|Dietary Fiber||10.6 grams||28%|
|Pantothenic acid||1.496 milligrams||30%|
Health Benefits of Cowpeas
Here are some of the health benefits of cowpeas:
- Helps in losing weight. The cowpeas are low in cholesterol and calories, which is a good benefit for weight loss. Not just that, the dietary fiber in it is also beneficial in that particular matter, and some other important ways.
- Beneficial for the circulatory health. The cowpeas have been beneficial in treating anemia or iron deficiency. We know that anemia may result in a poor overall metabolic function, fatigue, stomach aches, cognitive confusion, and weakness. High levels of iron in the cowpeas are beneficial in countering the effects of the condition.
- Helps in managing diabetes. The magnesium present in cowpeas is beneficial for a better bone health as well as sleep patterns. We know that magnesium plays a huge role in the metabolism of carbohydrates and is beneficial in the body’s maintenance of balanced blood sugar level. This is one of the best health benefits of cowpeas.
- Beneficial for sleep problems. The significant levels of tryptophan in the cowpeas are beneficial in relaxing the body and easing into much better sleeping patterns. If you often experience insomnia, you may eat a spoonful of cowpeas before sleeping. This will help you wake up feeling more refreshed.
- Helps in detoxification. The antioxidant properties of the cowpeas are essential for the body as they beneficial in lowering the levels of chronic illnesses, like cancer. Furthermore, the antioxidant properties of legumes like cowpeas are able to neutralize the effects of free radicals in the body, which may cause cellular mutation and chronic illness.