Most often referred to as the clouding of the natural lens of the eyes, cataracts are eye problems that many of us may face or is facing right now. In fact, cataract is the most common reason or cause of the loss of vision to people at the age of 40 and above. Furthermore, it is also the main cause of blindness in the whole world. Actually, there are more cases of cataracts in the whole world than the combined cases of diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Cataract is a serious condition, thus knowing significant information about this condition is necessary. Furthermore, the treatments for cataracts are also a thing to look out for. This will not just be beneficial to you and those you love, but to all the people who have the illness.
Cataract: What is this condition?
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There are a lot of health concerns, which may seem to get worse as we age. One of these is the presence of the illness in the eyes –cataracts. These are the cloudy areas in the eye lens, whi9ch makes it difficult to see things in focus or clearly. This may result in the blurring of the vision, having a hard time in seeing into the night, the appearance of light halos, and the color perception that is faded. Even though this condition is typically seen as a continuous condition, if untreated, may become a serious condition that may impair the vision –causing a negative impact on the quality of living.
Most of the cases of cataracts may develop slowly and may not disturb the eyesight in an early stage. However, as time passes by, cataracts may in time interfere with the vision. In the beginning, stronger lightings and eyeglasses may help in dealing with the condition. On the other hand, if the condition already interferes with your usual activities, a cataract surgery is already needed.
Types of Cataract
Here are the three (3) types of cataract:
- Cortical cataract: this is often characterized by the wedge-like, white opacities, which start in the edge of the lens. This may also get in the center part of the lens. Moreover, this type of cataract may occur in the lens cortex –the lens part that environs the nucleus.
- Nuclear cataract: this type of cataract may form deep in the nucleus or the center of the lens. This is more common to those who are aging.
- Subcapsular cataract: this may occur at the back of the lens. Those who have high doses of medications are at greater risk in the development of this type of cataract.
Symptoms of Cataract
Here are some of the most common signs and symptoms of cataract:
- Having a double vision in one eye.
- Yellowing or fading of colors.
- Having a frequent change in contact lens and eyeglasses prescription.
- Seeing some halos around lights.
- Having the need for a much brighter light when reading or doing some activities.
- Being sensitive to glare and light.
- Having an increase in the difficulty of seeing at night.
- Dim, blurry, and cloudy vision.
Causes of Cataract
Most of the cataracts may develop when there are changes in the tissues, which makes up the lens because of aging or injury. Furthermore, there are some instances that if someone inherits a genetic condition, they may have a higher risk of getting the condition. Cataracts may also be caused by some past eye surgeries, other eye conditions, as well as some medical issues like diabetes. Moreover, the excessive and long-term use of the steroid may cause the development of cataract as well.
Risk Factors for Cataract
Here are some of the risk factors, which may increase the possibility of the onset of the condition:
- Family history or genetics.
- Hormonal replacement therapy.
- Having eye surgery before.
- The use of various medicines in reducing cholesterol.
- Excessive use of steroid medications.
Treatments for Cataracts
Here are some of the most effective treatments for cataracts:
Honey. The antioxidant properties of this nutrient-rich substance make it beneficial in treating cataracts and some other illnesses.
Garlic. The powerful antioxidant properties of the garlic are beneficial in boosting the immunity. Furthermore, it also helps in warding off various conditions like cataracts.
Spinach. The phytonutrients in this green leafy vegetable are beneficial in reversing the damage the oxidative stress may cause. Moreover, by means of neutralizing these oxidative stress and free radicals, the eye health becomes much better.
Bananas. Lutein is one of the most important antioxidants in getting rid of cataracts. And this certain antioxidant is present in bananas. Furthermore, this fruit also helps in improving the eye health and slow down the development of cataracts.
Bilberry. This is one of the most powerful fruits and best treatments for cataracts. This is because it has rich levels of antioxidants, which may help in preventing the free radical damages and protect the vision.