As we age, there is a higher risk of developing illnesses like glaucoma. This is primarily because our body’s capability of protecting becomes lower. The good thing is that there are a lot of possible treatments that we can use in treating many illnesses. However, this is if you can recognize the possible symptoms and seek out for a medical assistance when needed. Glaucoma is a common illness to those who age, hence it is necessary to understand things about it. This is since we will all be going through that stage of our lives sooner or later. It is very important to know about the details of the condition, its types, risks, symptoms, and of course, the treatments for glaucoma is necessary as well. To know all of these things, feel free going through this article.
Glaucoma: What is this condition?
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Glaucoma is a very common condition which may affect the eyes. This is actually one of the primary causes of vision impairment or blindness if it is left with no treatment at all. Fundamentally, an increase in the pressure on the optic nerve may cause in the onset of damage in the eye. Furthermore, this may also compromise the vision too. This certain pressure is what they call -the intraocular pressure, which makes it even more difficult for the optic nerve to transmit messages properly to our brain.
The condition, glaucoma usually is thought as a hereditary condition, however, it may affect anyone. Most particularly those who are under the age of 55 and above. The condition may actually develop in a gradual manner, without you noticing any obvious pain or symptoms. This is what makes it hard to diagnose. Conversely, failure to address the condition may cause it to be worse. This may eventually lead to a complete vision loss or blindness.
Glaucoma is one of the foremost reason why they recommend that you have your eyes checked by a doctor at least once in every year. Actually, if you think you have a higher risk of developing the symptoms of this illness, then you need to go to the doctor more often.
Types of Glaucoma
There are all in all four types of this illness and rare varieties, here they are:
- Closed-angle glaucoma- this type of glaucoma is actually a medical emergency, which requires an immediate attention. This usually occurs when there is a blockage in the drainage channels. This blockage may result in a more rapid rise in the intraocular pressure, thus making it more impossible to ignore.
- Open-angle glaucoma- this is the most common type of glaucoma. In fact, 90% of the cases are of this type. This type of glaucoma is often characterized by the gradual blockage and clogging of the drainage passages of the eye.
- Normal–tension glaucoma- this is actually a mysterious or rare type of glaucoma. In this particular glaucoma, the optic nerve tends to show damages, even though it is not under pressure.
- Congenital glaucoma– this is an extremely rare type of glaucoma, which affects the prenatal infants. This is often characterized by the improper development of drainage channels. If probable, congenital glaucoma may quickly be treated with microsurgery before it becomes
Causes of Glaucoma
Glaucoma is mainly caused by the buildup of the excess fluid in the front area of the eye. The fluid in the eyes must circulate regularly, just like the blood circulation in the vein. The aqueous humor is the ones that provide nutrients to the eye. If the aqueous humor is not present, there’ll be an increase in the intraocular pressure in the eye.
As the fluid circulates, it renounces the eye into a screen. When this particular channel is gone blocked for any reason, the aqueous humor will continue building up. This will then result in the symptoms of glaucoma. Actually, it is not that clear why the channel suddenly becomes blocked to most of the people. However, as to what studies say, it is because of age. Furthermore, acute eye injuries, inflammations, and infections may also cause the blockage of the channels.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
The symptoms of glaucoma actually include halos or rainbows around objects, forehead pain, nausea, headache, eye redness, blurry vision, narrowed vision, hazy eyes on infants, vomiting, eye pain, and blind spots. These symptoms may be temporary or constant, depending on what type of glaucoma do you have.
Treatments for Glaucoma
Here are some of the best treatments for glaucoma:
Surgical options. This can be done in relieving the pressure of glaucoma. This help in releasing the intraocular pressure in the eye.
Oral medications. This will help in reducing the fluid production in the eye, causing it to have a lower pressure.
Eye drops. The eye drops are beneficial in increasing the fluid outflow and reducing the pressure or slowing down the fluid production in the eye.
Laser therapy. This is probably one of the most amazing treatments for glaucoma. A low-level laser will open the blockage in the eye canals, making the fluid to pass normally.