The retina of the eyes is important. This is the part of the eye which is so thin and is sensitive to light. It covers about 65% of the eye’s interior surface. When the light strikes either the cones or the rods of the retina, it is converted into an electric signal, which is then relayed to the brain through the optic nerve. The brain will then translate these electric signals to the images that a certain person sees. Upon reading this, we can say that retina, truly is essential to us, for, without it, we can never see the world. Therefore, whatever illness that may hinder it is a no-no. one condition that affects the retina is the Retinoschisis. This is the separation of the layers of the retina. In this article, you will get to know about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for Retinoschisis.
Retinoschisis: What is this condition?
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We know that retina is the slender layer of the eyes that made of tissues and is set near the optic nerve. Its main function is to receive the light from the external sources and then convert it into a neural signal and then send it to the brain. This is in order for us to recognize the world we are visual.
Moreover, the retina is undoubtedly an important part of the eyes and of the body. It helps us in visualizing the environment, as well as the surrounding we have. Whatever damage in the retina may cause you blindness for the entire lifetime one is the Retinoschisis.
This is an illness wherein the tissue lining, which commonly transmits the visual signals into the optic nerve of our brain gets separated into two layers. Furthermore, this particular condition mainly occurs in various layers of the retina and may appear for various reasons too. The tiny lumps or masses known as cysts begin to form in between the two different layers of the retina in the event that there is a substantial damage that happened in the retina. The cysts will then prevent the light from traveling into the optic nerve of the brain and create the vision of the patient blurry. Not just that, it may also cause loss of vision.
There are 2 different forms of Retinoschisis:
- Degenerative Retinoschisis
- Juvenile X-linked Retinoschisis
Causes of Retinoschisis
The causes of the Retinoschisis actually depends on what for of Retinoschisis it is.
- Degenerative Retinoschisis: the precise cause of this particular form of Retinoschisis is not yet known. However, it may seem to be connected to the natural process of aging and may affect both men and women. Usually, it is diagnosed to people who are in between the age of 50 and 80.
- Juvenile X-linked Retinoschisis: this is mainly caused by a condition in the X chromosome, thus making it a genetic condition. Furthermore, it occurs almost always in young male since they have only one X chromosome. In females, on the other hand, they have 2 of which. However, if there is a problem In of their X chromosome, then the other one counteracts it usually.
Symptoms of Retinoschisis
In the earlier stages of Retinoschisis, it usually does not cause any symptoms. However, if you let your doctor examine your eyes, then your doctor might see the split in your retina. Over the course of time, Retinoschisis may start to affect your own vision.
It is important that you remember that Retinoschisis does not cause total blindness. However, it may lead to some serious vision problems, most especially when you have an X-linked Retinoschisis.
Furthermore, the symptoms may appear in the first few months of life. There are some (males), are not diagnosed ‘til they start schooling and have trouble in reading. Their own vision frequently gets much worse during the childhood years and may level off for a moment. When a certain person (man) reaches the age 50 to 60, his own vision may get worse again.
Some other symptoms may include the following:
- Bleeding eyes due to a damage to the blood vessels.
- Farsightedness or the poor close up vision.
- Strabismus or the eyes looking in different directions.
In much rarer cases, the retina may pull away from the eye itself totally. This is now what they commonly call the retinal detachment. Here, surgery is the only option to fix it.
Treatments for Retinoschisis
Commonly, there is no need for any treatments for Retinoschisis. However, there are some devices or tools which may help in improving the situation. For instance, eyeglasses, these are beneficial in correcting the vision and in trying to fix the condition. However, there are some cases of children who have the X-linked Retinoschisis who may have to bleed in their own eyes. The treatments for Retinoschisis beneficial for his would be the cryosurgery or the laser therapy. In various rare cases, the children may need a surgical operation to be able to stop the bleeding.
If you happen to have either of the types of Retinoschisis, you must make sure that you have regular eye examinations to be able to monitor the progression of the condition. This is for you to avoid any of the complications.