Schizophrenia –a mental sickness, which usually appears in the early adulthood or in late adolescence. This is actually characterized by cognitive difficulties such as hallucinations and delusions. This condition may be a lifelong fight, hence knowing about the illness more is very important. Not only the causes, symptoms, and other information about it, but also the treatments for schizophrenia as well. To know this, continue reading on to this article.
Schizophrenia: What is this?
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This illness or condition is a chronic or long-lasting mental disorder, which may impact the way a certain person reacts, behave, thinks, and feels about their place. For the past years, some people misinterpret the condition. Furthermore, because of the mystery about its cause, there are many causes of the disorder that has been diagnosed with some other mental condition. Even though schizophrenia is one of the most uncommon mental illnesses, it may still have a serious impact on the patient. It may harm their ability to socially interact; also it may also cause them to not have a normal life anymore.
With most of the cases of the illness, the symptoms with those people who are around 15 to 30 years of age may begin earlier than the expected. Furthermore, children having schizophrenia is a rare thing to happen. Even though it really is difficult to know the exact cause of the illness, some still believe that it is a combination of the biological, environmental, and social factors.
Types of Schizophrenia
Here are the various types of schizophrenia:
- Schizoaffective disorder: this is actually one of the most severe types of schizophrenia. Furthermore, this often comprises various symptoms of the illness like psychotic and mood disorder symptoms.
- Childhood schizophrenia: as stated earlier, the condition is rare for children. However, there is still a 0.1% that have experienced it.
- Disorganized schizophrenia: this type of schizophrenia disallows the patient to formulate their actions and thoughts. This may result in illogical or incoherent speech as well as behavior.
- Catatonic schizophrenia: in this type of schizophrenia, the symptoms may range from obsessive motor movements to a more complex catatonia.
- Paranoid schizophrenia: in this type of schizophrenia, the patient experiences false beliefs or delusions, which people may be plotting or conspiring against them, those close to them, and even their family.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
There are actually three (3) main categories of the symptoms of schizophrenia, here they are:
- Cognitive: in this category of schizophrenia symptoms, the patient may experience an inability in concentrating or completing a certain task. Furthermore, they may also experience having a difficulty in following instructions, which may lead to frustration.
- Positive: in this schizophrenia category, the symptoms are defined as extra thoughts or behaviors that are outside of the custom of a certain individual. Furthermore, this may comprise delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, manic behaviors, and racing thoughts.
- Negative: the negative symptoms are often characterized by the loss of the normal behavior or the pattern of thoughts. Moreover, this may manifest in the loss of motor and speech functions, lifelessness, social apathy, lack of social drive or attention, and inability to finish a certain task.
Causes of Schizophrenia
The cause of schizophrenia as to what debates have discussed in the past is the bio-psycho-social model. This only means that this is driven by the combination of the social, genetic, and psychological factors.
When it comes tot eh biological factors, there is a solid sign that some of the illness’ effects are because of some genetic causes. If you have a relative that may have or experiencing schizophrenia, there is a 50% chance that you may also suffer from the condition.
In the environmental cause of schizophrenia, studies suggest that those people with the schizophrenia genes will not experience any of the schizophrenia symptoms. The different social and environmental factors may all have an impact on the type, manifestation, and severity of the condition.
Treatments for Schizophrenia
Here are some of the best treatments for schizophrenia:
Hospitalization. In some serious cases of schizophrenia, hospitalization is the last resort. This can last for a short to a long period of time.
Social skills training. There are some people who experience various types of schizophrenia and has a hard time in dealing with friends, strangers, and some other people. Good thing, there are some social skills training that may be beneficial in treating the condition or at least relieve its symptoms.
Family therapy. Schizophrenia, as we know is a devastating and a really challenging condition. Hence, it is best that you have your family with you in getting rid of it. Studies actually show that family has a big role in helping the patient in coping up with the illness.
Anti-psychotic medication. This is one of the best treatments for schizophrenia. With this clinical approach, the patient will have prescription medicines. Furthermore, these medications will all be an addition to the anti-depressant and anti-anxiety drugs.