People, specifically women who are going through the perimenopause stage often ask if there is still a need for them to use contraception. Remember, perimenopause is the time or stage when the hormones are drastically changing due to the fact that they head towards going over the menopausal stage. They often get surprised that they still need to do so. In this article, we are going to discuss the different types of contraception for women entering menopause. Read on and learn more!
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As one general rule, trustworthy contraception must be used up until the menopause is already confirmed. This is either by menstrual periods stopping totally for 2 consecutive years before 50 years old or for 12 months after this said age.
Furthermore, it is also important that women at the age of 40 and above keep on using contraception. Not only due to the risk of pregnancy, but also because of the chances of chromosomal disorders and miscarriage increase significantly after this age,
So what types of contraception for women entering menopause must consider taking? Luckily, there are a lot of possible options in this article. Not only that, each case must be taken in to their own merit. Therefore, always discuss this with your doctor so that you can have good decision.
Types of Contraception for Women Entering Menopause
Here are the different types of contraception for women entering menopause can try:
The non-hormonal method of contraception must never be forgotten either as female and male condoms are about 95% and 98% effective respectively. Furthermore, the caps is about 926% effective and the diaphragm is at about 92%. Mind you, these are both used with spermicide. If the process of sterilization is considered, then the meekest choice is vasectomy, instead of female sterilization.
There are some types of longer-activing contraception that unlike sterilization, are mutable. These may include the following:
- The implants are flexible rods that contain progesterone hormone, which are placed underneath the skin. These may be beneficial in some women, especially to those who don’t want to take the Pill. Furthermore, there’s still a bit of risk on irregular bleeding with the implants and may occasionally need to be removed if it stays a persistent problem. The progesterone implants may be continued up until the age of 55 when the natural infertility may have occurred.
- A coil is a type of IUD has a small amount of hormone. It is also a safe kind of contraception, having an extra benefit of helping in the reduction of heavy vaginal bleeding that may be a problem in the perimenopause stage. It may stay in place for about 5 years.
- The progesterone injection may be as effective as the sterilization yet fertility may take up to 1 year, in order to return fully after you stop, most especially if it’s been beneficial for a few years. Most of the doctors recommend having a switch to a more suitable alternative after 50 years old.
Even though used lesser than the POP or COC, some women also choose the vaginal ring as it is more flexible. This is actually a supple transparent ring that’s obviously goes into the vagina. It contains hormones and you can use it for 3 weeks. The user of the vaginal ring can put and remove it by herself. The effectiveness of it is commonly as good as the COC.
POP or progesterone-only pill.
These are actually as effective as the COC in women who are at the age of 40. These have the advantage of having a reduced risk of heart attack or stroke when taking them even though they can cause some irregular erratic bleeding in some women. These may also be beneficial with the HRT.
COC or combined-only pill.
If you’re not smoking, healthy, and has no history of blood clots and migraines, this type of pill may be perfect for you. Those who are at the age of 50 and above may actually use this. Even though a lot of doctors will give you an advice that you stop it before this particular age. Furthermore, it has a lot of advantages. Just like the reduction of the risk of both womb / endometrial and ovarian cancer. Not only that, it also helps in maintaining strong bones, as well as reduce the symptoms of menopause.
If you are going to start taking this contraceptive pill after 40 years old, always have your own blood pressure levels checked on starting it. You need to do this as well every 6 months after. Nevertheless, if you are a smoker, then you must not take the COC or combined-only pill after 35 years old.
Whatever choice you are going to make among the different types of contraception for women entering menopause, don’t always assume that the start of the menopausal stage means that you no longer need any contraception.