Hair loss is one of the most common conditions that affect people all over the world. In fact, it affects millions and millions of people worldwide. This is actually a natural part of aging, and there are some medical reasons behind this. Moreover, even though there are a number of medical problems that may result in hair loss. One of the most common is alopecia areata. This condition is not as simple as what you think it is, this can be an indication of a much worse condition. This article will be giving you some insights about the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for alopecia areata. If you’re interested, then give this article a read.
The condition, alopecia areata is actually diagnosed because initially, it appears like some simple bald spots on the head. For this particular reason, alopecia areata is often referred to as spot baldness. Furthermore, this bears a resemblance to the natural loss of hair as we age. However, alopecia areata may develop into 2 different types, if it is left untreated. These two types are:
- Alopecia Universalis: in this type of alopecia areata, the hair on the entire body get lost.
- Alopecia Totalis: this, on the other hand, is an alopecia areata where the entire scalp gets bald.
The condition is mainly associated with various thyroid disorders. This is the hormonal balance in the body is actually the key to shutting off or stimulating the hair follicle. While the thyroid conditions are the ones who throw the hormonal balance out of the window. It is better to treat the condition while it is still mild, this is since it may get worse in no time. There are times that the situational or psychological factors may also cause some small flare-ups of hair loss and alopecia. This is even though in most of the times, it automatically relapse and the hair will grow back.
Alopecia Areata: What is this condition?
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Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss, typically in which the hair falls out in round patches. Actually, the term alopecia refers to the hair loss itself. Furthermore, the condition is sometimes called autoimmune alopecia, because it is one of the several kinds of autoimmune diseases. Usually, the immune system attacks the interfering matter in the body, these include a cold virus. The autoimmune illnesses happen if the immune system assaults healthy.
The sudden hair loss may happen on the scalp as well as to some other parts of the body. Furthermore, the illness seldom results in the total hair loss or baldness. However, it may prevent the hair from growing back again. When the hair grows back, it is not impossible for the hair to plunge out again. The degree of hair regrowth and hair loss actually varies from a person to another.
The treatments for alopecia areata is still for discovery. However, there are some treatments, which may help the hair grow back again much quicker. Moreover, some treatments may be beneficial in preventing the possible hair loss in the future.
Alopecia Areata: Causes
There are various types of alopecia that have varying causal roots. Yes, alopecia areata can be genetic or it can be inherited. However, there is some evidence that suggests, which factors some other than the genetics mark whether or not the alopecia areata, which occurs in individuals. For an instance, there are times that specific environmental factors, which are needed for the gene to get expressed.
Furthermore, there is some evidence that suggests that the condition is because of an irregularity in the immune system. Particularly, this irregularity results in the autoimmunity. Autoimmunity is the misguided immune system, which tends to attack the body itself.
Alopecia Areata: Symptoms
Here are the most common symptoms of alopecia areata:
- Fingernails may develop pitting
- Hair near the bald patches are easy to pull out
- Uneven hair loss
- Tingling in the area of scalp that has lost its hair
Treatments for Alopecia
There are actually no known treatments for alopecia areata. However, the condition is possible to be treated. The treatments may stop the possible hair loss in the future or even help the hair grow back much quicker.
You may rub various medications like minoxidil into your scalp. This is beneficial in stimulating the hair growth. Some other therapies that are commonly beneficial in treating the condition include steroid injections and some ointments. In some of the cases, photo-chemotherapy can be beneficial for the condition.
There are some people with alopecia, who choose various alternatives in treating the condition. These include:
- Herbal supplements
Furthermore, there are also some steps that can be beneficial in minimizing the discomfort brought by the condition as well as to help in the treatments for alopecia areata. These include:
- Wearing a wig, scarf, hat, or some other protections for the scalp
- Wearing sunglasses to protect the eyes from direct sunlight for the eyelashes
- Applying sunscreen to shield the exposed areas from sunburns