Genital herpes –is this condition somewhat familiar to you? Well, actually, genital herpes is one of the most common STDs in the United States and various parts of the world. In this article, we are going to discuss various facts about genital herpes. Give this article a read and get to learn more about it.
What is Genital Herpes?
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Genital herpes is one of the most common type of sexually transmitted diseases. This doesn’t just affect thousands and thousands of people in the United States, but also all over the world. This particular STD is actually caused by the HSV or the herpes simplex virus. Moreover, most of the cases of genital herpes are due to the infection –herpes simplex virus type 2 or HSV 2.
On the other hand, the simplex virus type 1 or HSV 1 is more frequently the cause of fever blisters and cold sores. However, it may also be one of the causes of genital herpes. Most of the people who have genital herpes do not actually know that they have it. That is mainly because in most people, it produces either very mild symptoms to no symptoms at all.
What Causes Genital Herpes?
As what we said earlier, there are two types of herpes simplex virus that cause genital herpes, the HSV 1 and HSV 2. The HSV 1 commonly causes the onset of cold sores, while the HSV 2 commonly causes genital herpes.
The viruses goes into the body over the mucous membranes. The thin layers of the tissue, which line the openings of the body are the mucous membranes. These are present in the genitals, mouth, and nose.
Once the viruses are already inside the body, they tend to incorporate themselves into the cells and stay in the pelvis’ nerve cells. Furthermore, viruses tend to adapt or multiply to the environments so easily. This is what actually makes the treatment of genital herpes very hard.
The HSV 1 and HSV 2 are present in the people’s infected bodily fluids, just like:
- Vaginal secretions
Symptoms of Genital Herpes
The outbreak is the appearance of the blisters. The first outbreak that you will experience will actually appear as early as two days after contraction of virus, or even as late as 30 days after it.
The general symptoms of genital herpes for males include blisters in the penis, buttocks, or scrotum. On the other hand, the general symptoms of general herpes for females include blisters near the vagina, buttocks, and anus.
The general symptoms for females or males include:
- You may experience headaches, fever, and body aches
- The lymph glands may become swollen. The lymph glands fight the infection and the inflammation inside the body
- A crust may be visible over the sores within one week after the outbreak
- The blisters may become open source and ooze some kind of fluid
- The infected site frequently start to become itchy, or tingle, before the real appearance of the blisters
- Blisters may appear in the mouth and on the lips, face, and anywhere else, which came in contact with the areas infected
The general symptoms of genital herpes for babies include facial ulcers, as well as ulcers in the genital areas and all over the body. The babies who are born with the condition may also develop some severe complications and may experience the following:
- Brain damage
Treatments for Genital Herpes
One of the most important facts about genital herpes that one needs to know is the possible treatments for genital herpes.
In the actual fact, the treatments for genital herpes may help in reducing the outbreaks. However, it cannot treat the virus that causes the condition.
You can use mild cleansers when showering or bathing in warm water. You need to keep the infected site clean and dry every time. You will also need to wear some loose cotton clothing in order to keep the area comfortable.
Carious antiviral drugs may be beneficial in speeding up the healing time of the sores and may reduce the pain. Different medications may be taken at the first signs of the outbreak. This includes various symptoms like itching and tingling. These are essential in reducing some of the symptoms. Those who get the outbreaks may also get a prescription of medicines in order to make it less possible that they will get outbreaks in the near future.
What is the long-term outlook?
One of the most important facts about genital herpes is this. You need to practice safe sex and always use condoms in doing so. This is beneficial in preventing genital herpes, as well as some other sexually transmitted diseases from spreading.
There is actually no cure for the genital herpes. However, you can manage the condition with some medications. Furthermore, the disease may stay dormant in the body ‘til something triggers its outbreak. These outbreaks may happen when you are tired, sick, or stressed. Doctors will help you in coming up with a specific treatment plan, which will help you in managing the outbreaks.