Most of the women have pigmentation on their own skin, especially at the age of 30 and above. This usually happens due to the excess production of melanin on the skin. Nevertheless, sometimes, the production of melanin may go askew, and the skin may end up with some uneven dark patches. These patches are now that we call the hyperpigmentation. This particular skin condition may be so tenacious at times. Luckily, though, it is controllable –yes, there are treatments for hyperpigmentation. Scroll through this article and you will surely learn a lot about hyperpigmentation. Not just that, we also included some ways on how you can treat it. So sit back, relax, and enjoy the read!
Hyperpigmentation: What is this skin condition?
In the actual fact, the hyperpigmentation is the discoloration of the skin, which may result in the onset or development of some dark spots or patches on the skin. The area that’s affected may appear to be darker than the rest of the skin. Furthermore, this may get worse when the patient exposes him/herself under the sun. Actually, the term hyperpigmentation is a broad name. the skin discoloration that’s due to acne blemishes, freckles which became sunspots, or darkening of the skin because of eczema and psoriasis all are under the term hyperpigmentation.
All of the aforementioned skin conditions may boost the melanocytes production. These are the cells, which form the melanin. This, in particular, in turn, may increase the production of melanin in the skin. Remember, the excessive amount of melanin in the skin may dump into the deeper levels of the skin, hence causing the hyperpigmentation of the skin. These spots in the skin when being exposed to the sunlight, may flare up and get worse.
Moreover, the hyperpigmentation may develop because of various reason. It also possesses various signs and symptoms, which we are going to discuss below.
Types, Causes, and Symptoms of Hyperpigmentation
The condition is divided into three major types, varying on what causes its onset.
- Sunspots or Sun Damage
The extreme exposure to the sunrays is the most common of all the reasons why people develop hyperpigmentation. If you are in your early 30s and developed the skin condition, bear in mind that the process had begun already when you’re in your teenage year.
The sunspots are commonly light brown in color and may appear typically in the hands, chest, neck, and face. These are the body parts that are mainly exposed to the UV rays. Those who have light to medium skin tones may develop freckles, and they may acquire darker ones when continuously exposed to the sun.
- PIH or Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
This condition may result from skin inflammation or trauma like severe acne, eczema or psoriasis. These skin illnesses may increase the production of pigments in the skin, thus causing dark spots. This particular type of hyperpigmentation may affect people with any kind of skin. Nevertheless, it is more prevalent in those who have darker skin tones.
- Patches grow darker when exposed to sunlight
- The appearance of lesions, which may appear black or light brown
- Pigments may appear after injury or inflammation heals
- The patches may appear on the area where the inflammation in the skin happened
This type of hyperpigmentation is more common to women with darker skin tone than in men. This particular discoloration of the skin may occur in various parts of the fact. This is the reason why it is not that easy to treat melasma.
- Patches appearing from the neck and forearms
- Patches appear in the cheeks, chin, nose bridge, and forehead
- Symmetrical patches
- Patches on the facial skin
Treatments for Hyperpigmentation
Here are some of the treatments for hyperpigmentation:
Topical Treatments for Hyperpigmentation
- Dimethylmethoxy Chromanyl Palmitate. This treatment is a brightening agent used in treating pigmentation. This is safe and effective to use for hyperpigmentation.
- Kojic acid. This is a non-toxic bleaching agent, which may give satisfactory results when lightening dark spots on the skin.
- Retinol acid. Both the retinol acid peels and creams may be effective in lightening the dark spots. Both may disperse the melanin pigments and may lighten the spots.
- Chemical peels. The chemical peels are beneficial in treating hyperpigmentation. A lot of clinical trials suggest this in treating the condition.
- This is one of the best treatments for hyperpigmentation. It helps in reducing hyperpigmentation as well as prevent discoloration of the skin.
Over-The-Counter Treatments for Hyperpigmentation
OTC is also available for hyperpigmentation patients. Nevertheless, some of the creams are stronger and you’ll need a doctor’s prescription in order to get one. The most common over-the-counter creams for hyperpigmentation include:
- Licorice extracts
Other Treatment Options for Hyperpigmentation
There are various facial processes that dermatologists may perform in the skin to treat hyperpigmentation. Some of the most common procedures may include:
- Laser treatment. The laser resurfacing treatment uses light beams in removing or peeling the skin surface.
- This procedure removes the topmost layer of the skin. In order to achieve the desired result, you will need multiple sessions.