Have you heard of the condition, Vasculitis? Well, if not yet, then you must read this article. This will not just give you some insights about the condition, it will also tell you about the different causes, symptoms, and treatments for Vasculitis. Read on to know more!
Vasculitis: What is this condition?
Table of Contents
This condition is characterized by the inflammation of the blood vessels. In various individuals with this condition, the inflammation damages the lining of the affected blood vessels. This causes the narrowing of the blood vessels. As well as the formation of the blood close and the blockage. As a result, there may be some restriction of the oxygenated supply of blood to various tissues, potentially resulting in tissue damage, pain, and in some cases, the malfunction of some affected organs.
The Vasculitis may affect the veins, as well as the arteries of whatever type or size. It may also involve a single organ or a number of organs and tissues in the body. Moreover, it may also be a primary disease process or may occur because of an association with various underlying conditions. Thus, the range, as well as the severity of the symptoms and the findings that are in connection with the various underlying conditions.
Therefore, the severity and the range of the symptoms and the findings in connection with the condition may differ significantly. The certain original cause of the condition is not wholly understood. On the other hand, however, in most of the cases, it is believed that it is because of the disturbances of the immune system of the body.
Types of Vasculitis
Here are the different types of Vasculitis:
- Takayasu’s arteritis
- Kawasaki disease
- Henoch-Schonlein purpura
- Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
- Giant cell arteritis
- Churg-Strauss syndrome
- Buerger’s disease
- Behcet’s disease
Causes of Vasculitis
In a number of cases, the cause of the condition is not known. However, in a few cases, the cause can be traced to ongoing or recent infections, just like those that are caused by some viruses. Sometimes, there may be an allergic reaction to various medication, which may be the triggering factor of the condition.
Furthermore, the condition may sometimes develop after a certain infection come and go. Usually, in these particular cases, the infection may trigger an abnormal response in the immune system of a person. Thus causing damage to the blood vessels. The condition may also be in connection with some other illnesses of the immune system, which the person has for years. For an instance, it may be a complication of lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome, or rheumatoid arthritis.
Symptoms of Vasculitis
The symptoms of the condition may vary greatly. They are actually often in connection to the reduced blood flow all throughout the body.
Here are some of the general symptoms of all the types of Vasculitis:
- Nerve conditions, like weakness or numbness
- Night Sweats
- General pains or aches
- Weight loss
- A headache
Risk Factors for Vasculitis
The condition may occur in whatever sex or race, or even age you have. However, here are some factors that may increase the risk of Vasculitis:
- Having various types of conditions, just like lupus, scleroderma, or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Having chronic hepatitis C or hepatitis B infections.
The complications of Vasculitis may depend on the severity and the type of the condition. Here are some of its possible complications:
- Infections: these actually include the serious and lethal conditions like sepsis and pneumonia.
- Blindness or vision loss: this complication is possible when the giant cell arteritis is not treated.
- Blood clots and aneurysms: a blood clot may form in the blood vessel, and obstructing the blood flow.
- Organ damage: there are some types of the condition that may be severe, which may cause damage to the major organs.
Treatments for Vasculitis
The treatments for Vasculitis focus on the control of the inflammation by the use of the medications and resolving any causal disease, which may trigger the condition. Furthermore, with the condition, you may go on a two treatment phase. The first one is the stopping of the inflammation, and the second one is preventing relapse. Both of these phases of the treatments for Vasculitis may involve prescription drugs.
What kind of drugs and how long you need to take it actually depend on the type of Vasculitis you have, the severity of it, and the organs that are being involved. Moreover, there are some people who have initial success with the treatment, then experience some flare-ups after. Some may also never see their condition completely vanish and need an ongoing treatment for it.
Here are some tips that may be of a great help to you:
- Maintain a strong support system.
- Exercise most days of the week.
- Get routine vaccinations.
- Choose a healthy diet.
- Follow your own treatment plan.
- Understand well your condition.
With the proper care, attention, and treatment for the condition, it will vanish and you will be able to go back to your health again.