IUD or what they also call as coils are more than about 99% effective as contraceptive as they help in minimising user errors. Once you already have it in you, you will not need to worry about missing your daily dose of contraceptive pills or a magically disappearing condom. However, if you want to have this T-shaped device being put in your uterus, then now is the time that you learn more about IUD insertion process. Give this article a read and learn more about what it entails.
IUD Insertion Process: What does it entail?
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Even before the IUD insertion process starts, you will be asked of some questions. You will also be given a pelvic examination in order to determine the position and size of the uterus in your pelvis. And then, a speculum will be placed in the vagina, which will visualise the cervix. In this particular process, you might also be tested with sexually transmitted diseases.
When you are in the pelvic examination position, you may ask them to give you a local anaesthesia to make the areas numb. After which, a speculum will then hold onto the cervix, thus stabilising the uterus throughout the insertion process. Bear in mind, the uterus is itinerant in your pelvis. This means that it grows in order to accommodate a pregnancy. After this, a dilating instrument will then be inserted in over the cervix going into the uterus in order to measure the size of the uterine cavity. Finally, the IUD will be placed with some kind of inserter.
In the IUD insertion process, you may feel some serious cramps during the numbing injection part, the insertion of the IUD, as well as in the measurement of the uterine cavity.
How long does the process take?
Usually, the process only last for about 3 minutes. That is actually a lot shorter than most of the things that are considered so painful. It also acts as a silver lining for whatever potential discomfort or cramps you will feel.
What does the process feel like?
As you may have inferred by now, the insertion process of IUD will be uncomfortable and you’ll possibly experience some cramps that are the same as when you get onto your period. That is merely because the process is going over the cervix and into the uterus. Don’t worry too much, it is not a kind of pain that you can’t overcome. If you are able to handle anything for just three minutes then you may handle the discomfort it may cause.
The experience or the feeling of the insertion process may depend on the person who goes through the process. Some people may actually feel completely nothing. However, others may also say it is the worst three minutes of their life. However, there are things that providers may do in order to ease some of that pain. As well as the different medications doctors may provide for you after the process. In some cases, you may get antibiotics after the process. This is to prevent any infections.
The Immediate After Effects
About 10 to 15 minutes after the process, you may feel cramping that might range from light to severe. This usually lasts for about 24 hours after inserting the IUD. If you feel in pain, you may use a heating pad or take some sort of pain relievers.
Copper IUD Vs. Hormonal IUD
For beginners, there are actually five IUDs, which are currently in the market. Four of which are hormonal IUDs (Skyla, Liletta, Kyleena, and Mirena) and the remaining other is non-hormonal IUD (Pragard). The four hormonal IUDs release levonorgestrel, a kind of progesterone. These differ in size, the length of approval for the body, and the amount of hormones they are able to release. Doctors usually recommend IUD that is based on your needs.
The major difference in the side effects between the hormonal IUDs and the copper IUDs is the change that it causes to the period. Actually, the copper IUD typically maintains the menstrual pattern from before the insertion. However, the first few periods may be much heavier periods.
On the other hand, with the hormonal IUDs, the period may become much lighter and the timing may be irregular. Therefore, you can expect a lot of erratic spotting. Furthermore, the spontaneous bleeding may also be a real indication, yet it usually lasts for just a few months.
Switching from Pills to IUD
When you are already used to pills as your means of contraception, the period is frequently lighter, with light cramping. Therefore, when you switch to the copper IUD, some, at first, experience heavy periods, which may come a bit of a surprise. Worry less, because it resolves after a while, yet it seems like a lot of time may pass.
Furthermore, being on pills, if you are to take your pills on a regular manner, it typically establishes a so predictable pattern of bleeding. If you are already used to that pattern, switching to the hormonal IUD can cause some spotting in the first few months of the transition.