Understanding Minimally Invasive Robotic Surgery and its Benefits

Robotic surgery can be defined as a type of minimally invasive surgery. The term “minimally invasive” indicates a procedure wherein large incisions are not made while operating on patients. Doctors use miniature versions of surgical instruments that precisely fit through a series of incisions measuring about a quarter-inch.

Best surgeon for robotic surgery performs surgery with the da Vinci Si, the most advanced surgical robot across the world. The tiny instruments are fixed on three robotic arms. This facilitates surgeon get maximum precision and motion range. The fourth arm of this robot comprises of an enlarged high-definition 3-D camera. This camera works towards guiding the surgeon and doctors during the entire procedure.

The instruments and camera are controlled by surgeon through a console positioned in the operating room. The operating surgeon will place his fingers into master controls so that all of the four arms of robot can be used simultaneously while having a look through a stereoscopic a monitor (high-definition) monitor that places it inside the patient. This is important because it ensures a much better, more comprehensive 3-D view of the operational site as compared to what human eye can provide. The robot replicates each movement made by surgeon using master controls. The surgeon may also alter the scale of the movements made by robot.

The design of console allows hands and eyes of surgeon to perfectly align with a view of the surgical site. It reduces pain and fatigue on the part of surgeon. The idea is to give unprecedented control to the surgeon in a minimally invasive setting. This advanced technology helps surgeons perform several general and complex cardiothoracic, urological, and gynaecological procedures. All of these procedures can be performed through very tiny incisions. Hence, the patients can experience a number of benefits as compared to an open surgery. These include:

– Minimal scarring
– Less physical trauma
– Faster recovery time

In the year 2000, the Food and Drug Administration approved surgery using da Vinci Surgical System. This technique was has adopted by many hospitals in Europe and the United States to treatment a variety of conditions. The clinical robotic surgical system is widely used and comprises of mechanical arms and a camera with tiny surgical instruments fixed on to them. Arms of surgeon are controlled while seated at computer console which provides surgeon a magnified, high-definition, and 3-D view of the surgical site.

The Benefits

Many surgeons using the robotic system prefer this procedure because it enhances overall flexibility, precision, and control during the surgery. This facilitates surgeons to have a closer look at the region they operate. Surgeons can easily perform all kinds of complex and delicate procedures that are difficult or almost impossible using other techniques. Robotic surgery has also made minimally invasive surgery possible.

Benefits at a glance:

– Smaller, less obvious scars
– Quicker recovery
– Fewer complications (mainly infection on surgical site)
– Less pain
– Less blood loss

Risks Involved

Robotic surgery is not devoid of risks. Some of these may be quite similar to those of conventional open surgery. For example, small risk of infection and various other complications.

The surgery may pose a specific set of risks that may impact recovery of patient negatively and overall quality of life. Chances of complications will depend on several factors including:

– Patient’s age
– General health of patient
– Stage of cancer
– Level of expertise of surgeon

Robotic Prostatectomy – Surgical Complications

Loss of blood is one of the complications that may occur during or after a robotic-assisted prostatectomy. The prostate gland is snuggled amongst several large blood vessels. Hence, it is natural for patients to experience intraoperative and post-operative loss of blood. However, the risk of blood loss is significantly less as compared when compared to traditional open procedures.

Is it Right for You?

This surgery is not an option for all. Hence, it is crucial to speak to your doctor about all pros and cons associated with robotic surgery. Also compare it with other techniques including other types of conventional open surgery and minimally invasive surgery.

The extent of usage of robotic surgery varies in U.S. widely. The usage depends on a wide variety of factors such as cultural factors, availability of equipment, and physician training.


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