You may be in a loving relationship or you are thinking a few decades past your sexual prime, yet the sexually transmitted infection talk is not just for teenagers. Based on a research in 2016, there has been an upsurge in the case of sexually transmitted infection in those who are above 45 years old. Moreover, there is a huge need for everyone to have enough knowledge about the different sexually transmitted infection or STIs you must know about. As well as the way on how to treat them right.
In the actual fact, sexually transmitted infections have been with us for so many years. In the past, sulfur, arsenic, and mercury were used in treating various venereal diseases that had serious side effects, just like death because of mercury poisoning. Further, the introduction of penicillin, as well as the modern medicine in the 20th century meant, appreciatively, the huge difference now is that modern medicine and greater awareness means that they are curable even more effectively.
Proper education and prevention are the best practice. Here are what you will need to know about the different sexually transmitted infection or STIs you must know.
Sexually Transmitted Infection or STIs You Must Know
Table of Contents
HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Among all the sexually transmitted diseases, this is probably the most feared and famous. In the 1980s having HIV was meritoriously a death sentence and tragically, it brought with it a huge stigma. Appreciatively, today, various modern drugs have had a great impact on those who are suffering from the condition, enabling them to live healthy and happy lives.
Basically, HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system. Most commonly, it spread via unprotected sex. A lot of people who have HIV appear healthy outside and don’t show any symptoms of the condition at all. However, they may experience an illness like a flu, which comes with a fever upon the first time.
The last stage of HIV is the AIDS. This is now where the immune system is no longer able to fight against the diseases and infections.
Treatment for HIV
Currently, there is no treatment for HIV. Nevertheless, modern medicine has already come a long way in enabling people to live much longer and normal lives.
This particular type of sexually transmitted infection is caused by a kind of bacteria known as gonococcus or Neisseria gonorrhea. It may spread easily via sexual intercourse. Furthermore, its symptoms are the same as those of the chlamydia except that they are usually more pronounced. In case a person experiences a discharge from the vagina or penis, it may either be green or yellow in color and there may be quite a lot of it.
However, just like chlamydia, the symptoms are not present at all times.
Treatments for Gonorrhea
The infection may be known through a urine or swab test and may be treated using antibiotics. Unluckily though, bacteria is getting resilient to more antibiotics and the treatment is getting much harder. Now, it is still well-treated with antibiotic injection.
This is a common infection, which is caused by the very same virus, which causes the cold sores –the human papillomavirus.
The symptoms of genital herpes may occur days after the infection and may be identified generally by small uncomfortable blisters that may really hurt. This makes urinating or even just moving around so uncomfortable. The blisters commonly vanish by themselves after approximately 10 days. However, it may come again whenever the immune system gets low.
Treatments for Genital Herpes
Unluckily, there is no definitive treatment for genital herpes yet. Nonetheless, each attack may be efficiently managed using antiviral medication that you can get from your doctor. Try having these kinds of medication on hand as the sooner you are to use them, the better they will work.
This is the second most common STI. It can be identified as small fleshy growth all over the anal or genital area. Warts that appear in this STI are generally not painful at all. nevertheless, it may be irritable and itchy. Though condoms are the best among all the preventive measures for genital warts, the genital areas may still be infected.
Treatments for Genital Warts
Freezing and creams may help in getting rid of genital warts.
This is the most common STI in the United Kingdom. This is mainly due to a lot of people not getting familiar that they already have it. The symptoms may vary from men to women and most sufferers possess no symptoms at all.
If you leave chlamydia without any treatment, it may lead to some serious pelvic infections and even infertility. Therefore, it is so important to get a checkup on a regular basis.
Treatments for Chlamydia
You may get the diagnosis for this condition via a simple urine test. Luckily, you can treat it with just a single dose of antibiotics.
There you have it, these are the five most common STIs you must know. Remember, sex is great, but safe sex is much better. If you are concerned about STIs, visit your local health clinic for a checkup.