There are some people who want to lie out in the sun in the hope of getting a golden tan skin complexion. However, instead of achieving this, you end up having a sunburn. Sunburn is actually the result of being overexposed to the ultraviolet radiation. This causes the inflammation of the skin, thus resulting in the sudden change in the color of the skin. Sunburn can be so discomforting and irritating, thus having enough knowledge about it is a good thing. Furthermore, the treatments for sunburn is also something that may be beneficial in making the condition vanish. If you want to know all of these and more, feel free to give this article a read.
Sunburn: What is this?
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Sunburn, this is actually the sudden inflammation or reddening of the skin because of the excessive exposure to sun and its ultraviolet radiation. We know that the rays of the sun have ultraviolet rays or UV rays in it. Furthermore, it also has visible light and infrared rays as well. The UV rays have three types the UVA –ultra violet A, UVB –ultra violet B, and the UVC –ultraviolet C. The first and the second types (UVA and UVB) are actually known cause some severe damage to the skin. The UVC on the other hand is absorbed by the carbon dioxide, water vapor, oxygen, and ozone. Moreover, this does not enter the atmosphere of our planet.
When the skin has become overly exposed to the ultraviolet rays, the skin tissues suddenly become burnt or gets red. The UVA rays actually attack the layers of the skin that is underlying. On the other hand, the UVB rays attack the out layers of the skin. The UVA and the UVB rays are the ones that are causing the inflammation of the skin.
Almost all the people who go to the beach, go fishing, or those who work in agricultural lands are prone to this condition. In fact, almost all people in the whole world have already experienced sunburn. Once the skin has already exposed to UV rays, there is already an increase in the production of melanin in the attempt of protecting the skin from damages. The sudden increase in melanin may result in the darkening and discoloration of the skin over the next two days.
Causes of Sunburn
As its name implies, sunburn is caused by none other than but the sun itself. Furthermore, also as stated earlier, when the skin gets an excessive exposure to the rays of the sun that has ultraviolet (UV) radiation, it will eventually burn, become red and cause irritation. Moreover, as stated above as well, there are three types of UV or ultraviolet rays, they are the UVA, UVB, and the UVC. They are the ones that are to be blamed in the onset of sunburn.
Symptoms of Sunburn
The signs and the symptoms of sunburn may actually vary from a person to another. You may not observe redness of the skin for quite hours after you get UV exposure. The peak redness of the skin will take about 12 to 24 hours. Minor sunburns usually cause nothing more than the slight redness and the tenderness of the skin. However, in some serious cases, blistering may occur.
In severe cases of sunburn, the symptoms may be:
- Vomiting and nausea
In more extreme cases, the symptoms may include:
- Extreme weakness
- Low blood pressure
Treatments for Sunburn
It is essential to start the treatments for sunburn as soon as possible. This is since sunburn may lead to some permanent skin damage, and may increase the risk of skin cancer. Below are some of the simplest and most effective treatments for sunburn that may help in easing it. However, it is important to put in mind that the best way to relieving sunburn is to avoid getting long exposure to the harmful UV rays.
- Stay out of the sun: you must avoid making the burn worse by exposing your skin to more ultraviolet radiation.
- Apply moisturizer: use moisturizer in treating the sunburn, this is beneficial in relieving the pain that it causes.
- Avoid butter: some say that applying butter to the sunburn is beneficial. However, this is not true. This false remedy may get the condition much worse. It prevents the healing of the burn and may also damage the skin as well.
- Cool the skin: applying a damp cloth or a towel is beneficial in relieving the inflammation of the skin and making it cool.
- Peel the skin: avoid picking the skin and apply moisturizer to it to relieve its symptoms.
- Do not break the small blisters: allow the blisters to run their own courses. If one breaks, just clean it with water and mild soap.
- Rehydrate: drink ample amount of water to rehydrate the skin. This is beneficial in getting rid of the redness and pain of the skin.