Have you ever heard of sorghum before? Well, this is actually a broad term that denotes a whole genus of grasses, which are actually native to the subtropical and tropical regions all over the world. More than that, sorghum possesses a lot of essential nutrients that are all beneficial for overall health. These are also what make up all the most amazing health benefits of sorghum. These include its ability to boost energy levels, promote the development of red blood cells, build stronger bones, improve digestive health, control diabetes, and prevent various cancer types, among others. There are more to sorghum than meets the eye. If you want to know more about this, feel free to give this article a read.
Sorghum: What is this?
As what we’ve said earlier, sorghum is a general term for a whole genus of grasses, which are native to both subtropical and tropical regions all over the world. Even though there are about thirty different species of sorghum, there is only one harvested for human consumption. The others are mainly used as a provender for animals.
The sole type of sorghum essential for human consumption is the Sorghum bicolor, which is native to various regions in Africa. Nevertheless, you can now obtain this all over the world as one of the staple foods. The sorghum is mainly used in the sorghum molasses production, as a grain, and as a syrup. Moreover, it may also be beneficial in the alcoholic beverages production as well as in the production of biofuels all over the world. It is widely considered as the fifth most important cereals in the world.
The sorghum plant is a strong grass, which typically grows up to about 0.6-2.4 meters high. Sometimes, it may also rich a height of about 4.6 meters or 15 feet. The leaves and the stalks have a white waxy coating, and its central portion is sweet and juicy. Its leaves are about 5 centimeters broad and are 76 centimeters long. Furthermore, its tiny flowers come from its panicles, which may range from loose to dense. Its seeds may vary in color, size, and shape, yet are smaller than the wheat.
Moreover, the versatility of the sorghum, in combination to the fact that it’s suitable for the consumption of those who are allergic to wheat, makes it tremendously significant as a staple food in the world. Moreover, the vast health benefits of sorghum make it a great substitute for various types of cereals, grasses, and grains, which are usually consumed all over the world.
Nutritional Value of Sorghum
The sorghum is a storehouse when it comes to its nutritional content. When you add it in the diet, it may provide vitamins like thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin. Not just that, it also has high levels of potassium, phosphorus, calcium, copper, iron, and magnesium. Also, it has about half of the daily value needs of protein and a significant amount of dietary fiber. Please refer to the table below for a broader nutritional value of sorghum.
|Total fat||3.46 grams|
|Vitamin C||0 milligrams|
|Vitamin B6||0.44 milligrams|
|Vitamin B12||0 micrograms|
|Vitamin A||0 International Unit|
|Vitamin E||0.5 milligrams|
|Vitamin D||0 micrograms|
|Saturated fats||0.61 grams|
|Monounsaturated fats||1.13 grams|
|Polyunsaturated fats||1.56 grams|
|Trans fat||0.01 grams|
Health Benefits of Sorghum
Here are some of the most wonderful health benefits of sorghum:
- Helps in boosting energy The niacin in the sorghum is essential in transforming the food to usable energy for the body. Metabolizing and breaking down nutrients to become energy is essential in keeping the energy levels stable all throughout the day.
- Helps in increasing blood The iron and copper content of the sorghum, as the calcium and magnesium help in increasing the absorption of iron in the body. This just means that there will be a reduction in the development of anemia in the body.
- Helps in improving bone The magnesium present in the sorghum is essential in properly maintaining the calcium levels. This is since it increases the body’s calcium absorption.
- Helps in controlling diabetes. The rich tannins level in the sorghum bran is essential in inhibiting the starch absorption of the body. This may be beneficial in regulating glucose and insulin levels.
- Helps in preventing cancer. This is one of the best health benefits of sorghum. Actually, the bran layer of the sorghum grains contains significant levels of antioxidants, which aren’t present in some other types of food.
- Helps in improving the digestion. There is about 48% of the recommended daily intake of dietary fiber in sorghum. This is very beneficial for keeping the food moving in the digestive tract rapidly. This also prevents diarrhea, excess gas, stomach aches, constipation, bloating, and cramping, among others.