What Are the 12 Social Determinants of Health

Health determinant based on social, personal, environmental, and economic factors that influence health status. The Healthy society and community based on many aspects where the people are live.Many components that impacts on health such as genetics, where we live,  education level, enjoinment, our income, genetics, relationship with family and friends all have noticeably effect on health. Government and non-government organisation suggest the e determinants of social factor that influence on individual health.According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2003 proposed the determinants of health that is stress, work, food, unemployment, transportation, addiction, and social exclusion.

A major issue is facing in our society that is an unequal distribution of health, wealth, and power within and across in countries. As a result, wealthy people become healthier; who are already poor become poorer due to inadequate facilities. WHO reported and identified the three interventions that are urban development, education, and social security to improve the health conditions.

Social determinant of health


Education is the learning process or acquires the knowledge, value, skills, habits, and beliefs. Whereas, inadequate education facilities or low level of education are directly associated with insufficient resources, poor health, more stress, and low confidence level. Many studies suggested that improved the quality and quantity of education bring about benefits in society and individual. As a result, economic and health outcome improve, and labor productivity also increases.


Income can direct impact on an individual life, where they live, and getan education, and health factors.The Higher level of income and social status connect with better health. People who live in a low-income society with a low level of income show that more miserable health condition and insufficient resources. The larger gap between poorest and richest people, Grey Campus Deal & Offers so it may arise the significant differences in health status.


A healthy environment and a good ecosystem play a vital role to sustain human prosperity and livelihoods, human health, and wellbeing. All factors contribute to good health such as safe water, healthy workplaces, clean air, safe communities, houses, and roads.Social, technological, and economic inequity is the crucial root of environmental degradation.


Genetics is a part of the social determinant of health. As possible genetic factor contribute to explain health inequalities. The most common genetic issue occurs in society such as personal attributes, mental and body fitness, cognitive ability, and personality that directly effect on occupational and education achievements, adult or child health conditions or related health behaviours.


Social network and social support are an essential part of the health promotion mechanism. The great support by family, friends, culture, tradition, customs and other social connections are a significant impact on better health than the physical. Social support system influences both psychological and physical health status, health behaviours, and health services use.


Population density, increasing urbanisation, and persisting inequities is a severe issue in urban society, and it may have adversely effect on health services due to scarce supply. In the cities, it is the main hindrance to provide the necessary health services by the citizens. Due to the access to health services, so severe problem arises such as health diseases, maternal health, and lack of water facility among the town.


Gender and sex recognized as the primary determinant of health for men and women. Besides gender roles, biological differences, norms and behaviours, men and women access health services and respond according to their needs. According to the world health organisation, gender discrimination or gender inequality may increase the health risk for girl and women globally. At a different stage of life, women and men face different types of health disease.


Transportation plays an important role in the health of people. The time and cost requirements  for daily traveling between work, home, school, groceries, and daycare are significantly impact on the quality of life for all of us. Transportation issue includes inadequate vehicle access, lack of infrastructure, significant time require to reach destination, long distance, adverse policies, and transportation cost may adversely influence  on public health.


Access to safe drinking water is crucial to improving and protecting the public health on society. Safe drinking water and sanitation facility are influencing their public health and the rate of disease. Water-borne disease caused by dirty water, not the lack of antibiotics.


Proper nutrition and healthy food play a vital role in the optimal development, growth, wellbeing, and health of the individual in all phases of life. Healthy diet may decrease the risk of chronicle disease like stroke, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Lack of healthy food accessibility is a form of food insecurity As a result, and it may arise the hardship of low-income people.


Provision of housing facility is a direct relationship to the determinant of health. Housing quality, safety, affordability, and stability all factors effect on health outcomes. Some studies suggest that the supply of housing schemes for deprived people are positively affecting health outcomes and reduce the health cost.


Employment conditions, workplace safety, and occupation are the primary determinant of the social health.Lacks of employment opportunities, unemployment, and stress work have adverse effect the health gradients and health inequalities. Peaceful environment, cleaner production, international and national coalitions, control banding, and participatory changes Rate cute Coupons may have positively impact the health of people. Lack of education and poor health reduces employment opportunities or constrain income.


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