Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that hits men. In fact, one out of six men is being affected by prostate cancer. Luckily, there are various treatments for prostate cancer that are very effective. These treatments for prostate cancer is beneficial and actually, it helps in dropping the mortality rate in men to about one in every thirty-six men. Even if that’s the case, it is still important to know and understand more about this illness, including some of its symptoms, causes, and possible treatments.
What is Prostate Cancer?
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The prostate cancer is just the same as some other cancer types. They occur when cells start to grow rampantly. The prostate gland is important in the male composition. It is because it is the one who’s responsible producing the fluid in the semen. Furthermore, it also helps in controlling the muscle contractions during the process of ejaculation. The prostate is actually found in the bladder and is surrounded by the urethra. Though it is just a small part of the body, its size may increase significantly.
The prostate gland is the is where the cells may grow uncontrolled. This is typically in the form of adenocarcinoma. Though there are various varieties of the prostate cancer, it is more typically in the form of adenocarcinoma since it is the most common of all forms.
The reason why prostate cancer may become so deadly because there are just a few signs or indications of the disease in the process of its development. Furthermore, the enlargement and inflammation of the prostate can either be an indication of prostate cancer. However, these indications may also occur for various reasons.
There are some men that may live for about years having the condition within them. Even though they experience no ill effects at all. This is perhaps even dying from some other causes before its doctor realizes that the prostate cancer is present. Moreover, since the condition has no early warning signals, annual screening for all men of certain ages is very recommended. This is typically done once they pass 50 years old.
There is numerous test, which may be conducted following a certain prostate biopsy, which can define whether you develop the condition. The tests will help in determining the level of change in the prostate by recognizing the growth of cancer cells.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Here are some of the most common symptoms of prostate cancer:
- Pain and inflammation: some of the minor symptoms of the prostate cancer is the stiffness or soreness of the back, abdomen, hips, and groin. This may indicate that you have prostate cancer.
- Sexual side effects: in terms of having sex, those men with prostate cancer may experience a difficulty in maintaining an erection. Furthermore, when they ejaculate they tend to feel some pain. Plus, there may also be an appearance of blood in the urine or blood.
- Urination: the difficulty in urinating is one of the first indications that men are experiencing prostate cancer. Furthermore, they may also feel a burning sensation while urinating. They may also feel the constant urge in going to the comfort room.
Causes of Prostate Cancer
There is actually no single cause that may refer to the condition of having prostate cancer. However, there are some risk factors which may increase the chances, here are some of which:
- Age: aging may affect in increasing the risk for cancer.
- Ethnic background: studies show that men from Africa have a greater risk of the illness than the Caucasians.
- Exercise: having no exercise at all may be a risk factor in acquiring prostate cancer.
- Diet: a healthy and proper diet is important in providing the body with essential nutrients and antioxidants to neutralize the effects of free radicals.
- Obesity: being obese may have an effect on the occurrence of the condition. this is likely because of the increase in inflammation and oxidative stress, which obesity may cause in the body.
Treatments for Prostate Cancer
Here are some of the most common treatments for prostate cancer:
Chemotherapy. This maybe is familiar to you. this is one of the most common treatments for cancer. This is used when cancer has already spread to some other parts of the body.
Hormone therapy. This goal’s approach is to suppress some certain hormones, which may help in stimulating the growth of cancer cells –the androgens.
Radiation therapy. This option is quite popular if the cancer is determined early and can still be eliminated from the prostate.
Surgery. This is a solution for those who have prostate cancer. Basically, this is the complete removal of the prostate gland and its surrounding tissue. Hence, getting rid of the source of cancer.
Cryotherapy. This procedure actually involves the releasing of cold gases in the prostate gland, killing the cancer cells.
Active monitoring. Close monitoring of the condition is essential to track any suspicious symptoms that may arise.