There are some illnesses that are not that much known by many. And some of which are quite serious to take. There is this one condition that causes irritation and discomfort to those who experience it –hemorrhoids. This condition is actually characterized by a swollen vein in the lowermost part of the anus as well as the rectum. It is when the walls of the vessels are stretched that they become irritated. Even though this condition is so unpleasant and quite painful, it is easy to treat it and are also preventable. The treatments for hemorrhoids are actually depending on your doctor. this is since the condition may get worse over the course of time, it is a must to treat it as soon as it appears.
What are Hemorrhoids?
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Hemorrhoids are the clumps of enlarged or dilated blood vessels located in the anus as well as in the lower part of the rectum. As we know, the rectum is the latter part of the large intestine, the area before it goes to the anus. On the other hand, the anus is the end part of the digestive system where the feces pass to leave the body.
There are times that hemorrhoids get enlarged when the veins get larger and the walls become more stretched, irritated, and become thinner because of passing the stool. Furthermore, hemorrhoids are also categorized into two categories:
- External: the ones that originate from the anus, and
- Internal: the ones that originate in the rectum.
Piles or hemorrhoids are known to cause irritation and pain based on history. The term hemorrhoid actually comes from the Greek word, “haimorrhoides.” This means that the veins are responsible for the discharge of blood. If you already have had an attack of the hemorrhoid pain, I am telling you, you are not alone.
It is estimated that there are about three out of four people who will experience this condition at some points in their own lives. In fact, even Napoleon have experienced the condition. This condition as what they’ve said, abstracted him with a severe pain when he was defeated at Waterloo.
Causes of Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are usually caused by the increase in the pressure in the lowermost part of the rectum. This can be because of:
- Poor posture
- Spinal cord injury
- Low fiber diet
- Anal intercourse
- Being overweight
- Heavy lifting
- Long lasting constipation or diarrhea
- Sitting for a long period of time, most specifically on the toilet
- Straining during nay bowel movements
Hemorrhoids are very common and may occur in most of the people at some points of their lives. They may tend to occur more often later in life because of some age-related weakening as well as stretching of the tissues that support the veins in the rectum.
Signs and Symptoms of Hemorrhoids
The signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids may include:
- The appearance of one or more lumps nearing the anus that might become painful and tender.
- Swelling around the anus.
- The appearance of bright red blood on the stools, toilet bowl, or on tissue paper.
- Itching and irritation around the anal region.
- Sudden pain during the bowel movements
- Pain or discomfort when sitting.
The bleeding that takes place during the bowel movements is actually the most common sign of hemorrhoid. The rectal bleeding may, however, indicate a more serious condition, just like anal cancer, or bowel cancer. Consultation with the doctor is a must if the hemorrhoids:
- If the blood mixed in with the stool.
- Blood clots have already formed.
- If you are already passing maroon or black-colored stools.
- If the symptoms of hemorrhoid comes with an obvious change in the bowel habits
- Unresponsive in the self-treatments
- Frequent bleeding
Treatments for Hemorrhoids
Most of the cases of hemorrhoids can be treated even by yourself alone. The treatments for hemorrhoids are needed when more serious or frequent bleeding happens.
There are various home treatments for hemorrhoid that can be beneficial for the condition. These include the following:
- Taking oral pain medications, just like paracetamol. This may help in relieving the discomfort.
- Applying ice packs on the area to relieve any swelling.
- The use of moist towelettes rather than the dry ones. This is to keep the anal area clean after passing the stool.
- Make sure that the anal area is clean.
- Use some stool softeners to keep the stools more passable in the anus.
- Soak the anal area in warm water for about 10 to 15 minutes 2 to 3 times every day.
- Use hemorrhoid ointments, pads, suppositories that contain
Surgical and Non-Surgical Treatments for Hemorrhoids
For the external type of hemorrhoid, wherein a clot has formed, your doctor will most probably perform a simple incision to remove the clot.
Furthermore, for the persistent bleeding, here are some procedures that may help:
- Hemorrhoid stapling
- Laser or infrared coagulation
- Sclerotherapy or injection
- Rubber band ligation
With the proper attention, care, and medication, the condition of hemorrhoid can disappear and can be treated.