There are lots of conditions that affect the eyes. Furthermore, they can be very serious and some may be not. But one thing is for sure, it is right and just to have it checked to make sure you are safe. One condition in the eye that affects thousands and thousands of people in the whole wide world is the macular degeneration. This condition is actually related to aging, because as we age our eyes tend to degenerate. This article will supply you with enough information about the causes, symptoms, as well as the treatments for macular degeneration. If you want to know all of these, feel free to read on!
Macular Degeneration: What is this condition?
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The findings of macular degeneration are actually becoming more common now because of patient awareness, improvements in the tools for findings, and the physician access. Furthermore, because of the upsurge in the population of our elderlies, now, there is an upsurge in the population percentage of the risk of macular degeneration. Macular degeneration is actually a difficult challenge to some patients, to their doctors, as well as to the society. This because there is an increase in the delivery of advanced care for the condition.
Furthermore, macular degeneration is also known as age-linked macular degeneration. It mainly distresses the macula that is located in the central part of the eye’s retina. We know that the central vision mainly depends on the health of the macula. The central vision is the thing that we see straight in front of us than what we see on the side of the vision.
Moreover, the retina of the eye is the tissue layer in the eye that is consists of nerves and receptors that transmit and sense light signals coming from the eyes towards the optic nerves. It is from there that the optic nerve directs the information in the brain for the interpretation as the vision sense. It is the macula that is in the central part of the retina. Furthermore, it is also the one that is accountable for the more detailed vision. This is now what we use in reading, recognizing faces, and more.
The age-associated macular degeneration is actually the leading reason of blindness for people 55 years old or older. And because the overall expectancy of life is increasing, the condition has now become one of the major problems.
Types of Macular Degeneration
There are actually 2 types of the condition, they are the following:
- Wet form: in this type of macular degeneration is often characterized by the abnormal blood vessels that grow under the macula. Furthermore, these blood vessels have the tendency to leak blood, diminishing or distorting the central vision. This particular type of the condition affects about 10 to 15 percent of people.
- Dry form: this particular type of macular degeneration actually results from the slow blurring of the central vision. The round and small yellow-white spots known as drusen may accumulate underneath the macula.
Causes of Macular Degeneration
The main cause of macular degeneration is actually not known yet. However, the risk of it grows as we age. This is mainly because it is tremendously rare in those people who are under the age of 50. Some of the factors that may increase the risk of macular degeneration include:
- Light Exposure
- Dietary Fat
- High Cholesterol
- High Blood Pressure
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration
The symptoms of the condition may become so gradual as well as subtle, and may not appear that early. However, the main symptoms of it are the blurring of the central vision.
Wet Macular Degeneration Symptoms:
- Blind spots in the central vision
- Appearance of symptoms faster
Dry Macular Degeneration Symptoms:
- Hazy vision
- Difficulty in recognizing faces
- Colors don’t appear vibrant
- Blurry vision
- In need of brighter light to read
- Only one eye is affected
Treatments for Macular Degeneration
The treatments for macular degeneration actually vary on what type of the condition it is.
Wet Macular Degeneration
The treatments for macular degeneration of this type is necessary to be taken immediately. This is for it to be effective. Because any loss of sight is so hard to regain. The treatments for this type of macular degeneration include:
- Implantable telescope
- Stem-cell therapy
- Omega-3 fatty acids
- Vitamins and minerals
- Photodynamic therapy
Dry Macular Degeneration
This type of macular degeneration is actually not curable. Those who have it will not go into complete blindness. So with the proper help, the patients may do some things to make their writing and reading much easier.
To help you in reducing the risk of the condition, you may do the following:
- Wear sunglasses with UV protection
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Eat healthy diet that’s rich in leafy greens
- Exercise daily
- Avoid smoking
With the proper care, attention and treatments, the condition of macular degeneration will vanish.